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IAUC 6878: 1998an; 1998aq; SAX J1808.4-3658 = XTE J1808-369

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                                                 Circular No. 6878
Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams
Mailstop 18, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
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SUPERNOVA 1998an IN UGC 3683
     K. Ayani, Bisei Astronomical Observatory; and H. Yamaoka,
Kyushu University, report that a spectrogram of SN 1998an (IAUC
6871, 6877) was obtained with the Bisei 1.01-m telescope on Apr.
15.5 UT.  A deep and broad Si II absorption at 613 nm (at the rest
frame of UGC 3683) and other features indicate that this is a
type-Ia supernova around maximum.  The expansion velocity derived
from the shift of Si II absorption minimum is about 10 000 km/s.

SUPERNOVA 1998aq IN NGC 3982
     Ayani and Yamaoka also report:  "A spectrogram of SN 1998aq
(IAUC 6875), obtained with the 1.01-m telescope on Apr. 15.6 UT,
shows a bluish continuum with broad absorption lines at 612
(prominent; Si II), 575 (Si II), 542 (S II), 485 (Fe II), and 438
nm (Mg II); this indicates that SN 1998aq is of type Ia, about 1
week before maximum.  The 575-nm feature may imply that SN 1998aq
is of subluminous class, but it resembles that of the typical
type-Ia SN 1994D.  The expansion velocity derived from the shift of
the absorption minimum is 11 000 km/s.  The absence of narrow Na D
absorption suggests that the interstellar reddening is small.  The
distance of the host galaxy is comparable to that of the Virgo

SAX J1808.4-3658 = XTE J1808-369
     W. Heindl, D. Marsden, and P. Blanco, Center for Astrophysics
and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego, report
for the RXTE/HEXTE team:  "Pointed observations of XTE J1808-369
(IAUC 6876, 6877) with the RXTE/HEXTE on Apr. 11.85-11.89 and
13.08-13.10 UT reveal that this unusual source has a very hard,
power-law spectrum extending to at least 120 keV.  This makes XTE
J1808-369 one of the hardest binary x-ray pulsars.  No spectral
variability was observed between the two observations, and the
15-250-keV spectrum is well-fitted by a power law with photon index
of 2.02 +/- 0.05.  The average flux from both days is 89.5 +/- 0.6
mCrab (15-250 keV), which corresponds to 1.3 x 10E-9 erg cmE-2 sE-1
(2-10 keV), in good agreement with the RXTE/PCA value from the Apr.
11.8 observation reported by Marshall et al. (IAUC 6876).  Using
the orbital model of Chakrabarty and Morgan (IAUC 6877), we confirm
pulsations at their period, although with low significance due to
limited statistics.  The very hard nature of this object further
motivates additional observations at hard-x-ray and other

                      (C) Copyright 1998 CBAT
1998 April 17                  (6878)            Daniel W. E. Green

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