IAU Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams

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M31 (Apparent) Novae Page

As stated elsewhere at this CBAT website, novae in M31 are relatively common (unlike their counterparts in the Magellanic Clouds or the Milky Way, which have only a few observed novae each year). There are roughly a couple dozen novae to be discovered (brighter than about mag 20) in M31 each year [cf., e.g., Capaccioli et al. 1989, A.J. 97, 1622; Hatano et al. 1997, Ap.J. 487, L45; Aguirre 2000, Sky Tel. 99(6), 80]. For this reason, we generally do not announce M31 novae on IAUCs unless they are brighter than about mag 15 or there is spectroscopic confirmation. Historical precedent has been therefore to publish announcements of all novae discoveries in the Milky Way and in the Magellanic Clouds on IAUCs, but not all discoveries of novae in M31. Occasionally, as space permits, the IAUCs will publish some information on newly discovered novae in M31, particularly if they include detailed information that include precise astrometry and spectroscopic data; brighter novae in M31 (i.e., those of mag 15 or brighter; cf. Sharov 1989, Sov. Astron. Lett. 15, 5) will naturally receive stronger attention.

But traditionally, for many decades, M31 novae discoveries have been announced in the main astronomical literature in groups, representing novae discovered over spans of a year or often many years (e.g., Sharov and Alksnis 1997, Astronomy Letters 23, 540), and the IBVS are another proper location for publishing novae discoveries in other galaxies more promptly. This webpage was begun in 2004 to address the reports of apparent M31 novae sent to the CBAT (only reports sent in 2004 and thereafter are listed here); most of these will not appear on IAU Circulars, but some may appear on CBETs. To warrant inclusion here, we go by the same rules that govern assignment of supernova and nova designations -- namely, that multiple nights of observations must be reported (excepting where multiple observatories report confirming observations on a single night, or spectroscopy is immediately available). This page is patterned after the CBAT's Unconfirmed Supernovae webpage. Note that David Bishop's website contains images for many of these objects.

An asterisk (*) after the designation in the table below indicates that the object has been shown to not be a nova (see the associated notes).


The observations of apparent novae in M31 are listed below in plain ASCII text (with NO tabs!) in a 98-column format. The designation scheme is M31N YYYY-MMa, where YYYY is the year and MM is the 2-digit month of discovery, and 'a' is a lower-case letter (a, b, c, etc.) representing the order of discovery within that month; note that multiple lines for the same object are tabulated when there is more than one independent discovery of a particular nova (i.e., one line per discovery report). Note the following template to guide you in producing a similar list to send for inclusion.

                                                                                               
         1         2         3         4         5         6         7         8         9          
123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456    
M31N       DATE (UT)         R.A. (2000.0) Decl.     Mag.    OFFSET       REPORTER                  
YYYY-MMa   YYYY MM DD.DDD  hh mm ss.ss +oo '' ""."  MM.MLx  rrrD rrrD     Person sending text       
                                                                                                    

Above, the date (given as year, month, date in Universal Time) should be given to 0.01 or 0.001 day, with leading zeroes if appropriate, in columns 12-25. The right ascension (columns 28-38) and declination (columns 40-50) should be given to full precision (0s.01 in R.A. and 0".1 in Decl.), with leading zeroes if appropriate. The magnitude should be given to tenths in columns 53-56, with column 57 for the bandpass (and column 58 for any additional bandpass character); use usual upper- and lower-letter band letters, "H" for H-alpha narrowband magnitudes, and use "U" for unfiltered CCD. The offset (columns 60-64 for right ascension and columns 66-70 for declination) of the new object from the center of M31 should be given in arc seconds for both R.A. and Decl., with the values given to 0".1 and the directional letters (E = east = 90 degrees clockwise from north toward south, and W = west for R.A. offsets; N = north and S = south for Decl. offsets) specified. The person(s) who actually send the e-mail with the discovery should be placed (first initial, full last name) in columns 75-93. Columns 95-98 contains the number for the note that will contain additional information (including the name of the survey, any other contributing astronomers, and important succinct details regarding reference images and their dates and limiting magnitudes, etc.); the appropriate sequential designation number and letter will be added by the webmaster.

For reference, the nucleus or core of M31 is located at R.A. = 0h42m44s.32, Decl. = +41o16'08".5 (equinox 2000.0), according to a measurement by Weidong Li.


                                                                                               
         1         2         3         4         5         6         7         8         9          
123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456    

M31N       DATE (UT)         R.A. (2000.0) Decl.     Mag.    OFFSET       REPORTER                  
2000-08a   2000 08 06.233  00 42 47.47 +41 15 07.5  17.0H    36E   61S    K. Hornoch                
2000-08b   2000 08 06.233  00 42 46.76 +41 12 51.8  17.9H    28E  197S    K. Hornoch                

2003-07a   2003 07 14.989  00 42 02.93 +41 05 01.5  18.7R   468W  667S    K. Hornoch

2004-01a   2004 01 22.699  00 43 08.63 +41 15 36.4  18.5R   274E   32S    K. Hornoch

2004-03a   2004 03 03.767  00 42 36.21 +41 15 37.9  17.4R    92W   31S    K. Hornoch
2004-03b   2004 03 14.772  00 43 06.72 +41 11 58.5  18.1R   253E  250S    K. Hornoch

2004-05a   2004 05 18.061  00 42 37.55 +41 10 16.4  17.8R    76W  352S    K. Hornoch
2004-05b   2004 05 18.061  00 42 37.04 +41 14 28.5  17.2R    82W  100S    K. Hornoch
2004-05c   2004 05 18.061  00 43 04.04 +41 23 42.6  18.8R   222E  454N    K. Hornoch

2004-06a   2004 06 08.040  00 42 22.31 +41 13 44.9  17.2R   248W  144S    K. Hornoch
2004-06b   2004 06 22.003  00 42 41.30 +41 14 04.2  17.9R    34W  124S    K. Hornoch
2004-06c   2004 06 22.021  00 42 49.02 +41 19 17.8  18.0R    53E  189N    K. Hornoch

2004-07a   2004 07 30.00   00 42 43.99 +41 17 31.6  16.0H     4W   83N    M. Fiaschi

2004-08a   2004 08 02.974  00 42 20.62 +41 16 09.5  17.4R   267W    1N    K. Hornoch
2004-08b   2004 08 06.997  00 43 26.84 +41 16 40.8  17.8R   479E   32N    K. Hornoch

2004-09a   2004 09 03.018  00 42 40.25 +41 14 42.9  17.5R    46W   86S    K. Hornoch

2004-10a   2004 10 09.335  00 42 51.84 +41 16 18.2  18.6R    85E   10N    K. Hornoch
2004-10b   2004 10 09.335  00 42 47.24 +41 15 54.6  19.6R    33E   14S    K. Hornoch

2004-11a   2004 11 04      00 42 42.8  +41 18 31    18.0U    13W  143N    M. Armstrong
2004-11a   2004 11 05.847  00 42 42.76 +41 18 28.0  16.6R    18W  140N    K. Hornoch
2004-11a   2004 11 07.492  00 42 42.82 +41 18 26.8  16.5U                 H. Yamaoka
2004-11a   2004 11 08.9    00 42 42.88 +41 18 28.6  16.5U    17W  145N    F. Manzini
2004-11a   2004 11 05.847  00 43 07.43 +41 18 04.4  16.7R   260E  116N    K. Hornoch
2004-11b   2004 11 07.492  00 43 07.40 +41 18 04.3  17.7U                 H. Yamaoka
2004-11c   2004 11 15.8    00 42 32.27 +41 19 25.2  16.2U   142W  206N    F. Manzini
2004-11c   2004 11 16.82   00 42 32.27 +41 19 25.2  17.0U   142W  206N    A. Dimai
2004-11d   2004 11 24.718  00 42 45.63 +41 16 32.8  17.0R    15E   24N    K. Hornoch
2004-11e   2004 11 25.889  00 43 31.84 +41 09 43.2  17.6H   536E  385S    M. Fiaschi
2004-11e   2004 11 29.796  00 43 31.85 +41 09 42.6  17.6R   536E  386S    K. Hornoch                
2004-11f   2004 11 25.889  00 42 47.20 +41 16 19.7  17.6H    32E   11N    M. Fiaschi

2004-12a   2004 12 30.730  00 42 28.05 +41 09 55.6  16.8R   184W  373S    K. Hornoch

2005-01a   2005 01 07.891  00 42 28.38 +41 16 36.2  17.9R   180W   28N    K. Hornoch
2005-01a   2005 01 10.925  00 42 28.34 +41 16 37.6  15  U                 R. Arbour

2005-02a   2005 02 18.77   00 42 52.76 +41 14 29.0  17.7U   128E   99S    M. Migliardi

2005-05a   2005 05 16.066  00 42 54.84 +41 16 51.5  17.2R   119E   43N    K. Hornoch                
2005-05b   2005 05 19.452  00 42 47.15 +41 15 35.7  20.0R    32E   33S    K. Hornoch

2005-06a   2005 06 14.181  00 42 28.40 +41 16 50.8  17.7R   180W   42N    K. Hornoch
2005-06a   2005 06 17.722  00 42 28.35 +41 16 51.0  17.5U                 K. Itagaki
2005-06b   2005 06 14.181  00 41 37.22 +41 13 11.7  18.1R   757W  177S    K. Hornoch
2005-06c   2005 06 27.008  00 42 31.35 +41 16 20.9  16.3H   146W   12N    M. Fiaschi 
2005-06c   2005 06 23.210  00 42 31.39 +41 16 20.7  16.6R   146W   12N    K. Hornoch

2005-07a   2005 07 27.909  00 42 50.71 +41 20 40.2  18.4R    72E  272N    K. Hornoch                

2005-09a   2005 09 13.0    00 42 52.30 +41 19 58.3  18.0R    90E  229N    E. Ovcharov
2005-09a   2005 09 13.9    00 42 52.27 +41 19 59.0  16.1U    93E  240N    F. Manzini
2005-09b   2005 09 01.23   00 38 49.52 +40 19 54.1  18.0U  2647E 3374S    R. Quimby
2005-09c   2005 09 22.17   00 38 54.63 +40 27 34.2  16.3U  2590E 2914S    R. Quimby

2005-10a   2005 10 11.15   00 44 20.7  +41 23 11    16.7U  1087E  422N    R. Quimby
2005-10a   2005 10 12.979  00 44 20.80 +41 23 10.9  15.2H  1087E  422N    M. Fiaschi
2005-10b   2005 10 26.824  00 42 42.18 +41 18 00.1  18.2R    24W  112N    K. Hornoch                

2006-01a   2006 01 05.08   00 41 50.42 +40 42 22.5  17.2U   608W 2026S    R. Quimby

2006-02a   2006 02 02.748  00 42 50.68 +41 15 49.1  18.0R    72E   19S    K. Hornoch

2006-04a   2006 04 28.7725 00 43 13.38 +41 16 58.8  16.7U                 S. Nakano
2006-04a   2006 04 26.273  00 43 13.38 +41 16 58.9  15.9U                 W. Pietsch

2006-06a   2006 06 01.7387 00 43 11.76 +41 13 45.0  18.0U                 S. Nakano
2006-06b   2006 06 06.018  00 42 32.76 +41 16 49.2  18.6R   130W   41N    K. Hornoch

2006-08a   2006 08 15.5707 00 44 32.45 +41 35 42.7  17.9U                 S. Nakano

2006-09a   2006 09 03.5202 00 42 33.18 +41 10 06.9  16.4U                 S. Nakano
2006-09b   2006 09 14.876  00 42 41.60 +41 14 45.7  17.0R    31W   83S    K. Hornoch
2006-09b   2006 09 17.0374 00 42 41.45 +41 14 44.6  17.1R    33W   85S    V. Burwitz
2006-09c   2006 09 18.5831 00 42 42.38 +41 08 45.5  16.6U                 S. Nakano
2006-09c   2006 09 18.14   00 42 42.3  +41 08 46.1  16.7U    23W  442S    R. Quimby

2006-10a   2006 10 25.812  00 41 43.23 +41 11 45.9  18.7R   689W  263S    K. Hornoch
2006-10b   2006 10 31.583  00 39 27.47 +40 51 09.8  16.6U                 S. Nakano
2006-10b   2006 10 31.09   00 39 27.38 +40 51 09.8  16.4U  2220W 1499S    Anonymous

2006-11a   2006 11 25.4677 00 42 56.81 +41 06 18.4  17.5U                 S. Nakano
2006-11b   2006 11 19.115  00 42 44.05 +41 15 02.2  18.9R     3W   66S    A. Riffeser   
2006-11c   2006 11 30.808  00 41 33.23 +41 10 12.3  17.3R   802W  356S    K. Hornoch

2006-12a   2006 12 20.857  00 42 21.09 +41 13 45.3  17.8R   257W  138S    A. Riffeser
2006-12a   2006 12 23.674  00 42 21.06 +41 13 45.6  17.5R   262W  143S    K. Hornoch
2006-12b   2006 12 26.825  00 42 11.14 +41 07 43.8  18.0R   375W  505S    K. Hornoch
2006-12c   2006 12 26.825  00 42 43.25 +41 17 47.9  17.6R    12W   99N    K. Hornoch
2006-12d   2006 12 26.825  00 42 44.08 +41 15 02.1  17.5R     3W   66S    K. Hornoch
                                                                                                    
2007-01a   2007 01 20.881  00 42 51.14 +41 14 33.2  17.5R    77E   95S    K. Hornoch                
2007-01a   2007 01 21.747  00 42 51.13 +41 14 33.1  17.3R    77E   95S    E. Ovcharov               
                                                                                                    
2007-02a   2007 02 07.09   00 40 59.02 +40 44 52.7  17.2U  1187W 1876S    R. Quimby                 
2007-02b   2007 02 03.798  00 41 40.32 +41 14 33.5  16.7R   722W   95S    K. Hornoch                
2007-02c   2007 02 09.862  00 42 39.96 +41 17 21.9  17.2R    49W   73N    K. Hornoch                
2007-02d   2007 02 24.484  00 44 14.35 +41 36 59.8  16.7U                 S. Nakano

2007-03a   2007 03 04.763  00 42 53.60 +41 12 09.8  15.8R   105E  239S    K. Hornoch

2007-05a   2007 05 18.060  00 43 02.61 +41 14 41.5  18.5R   206E   87S    K. Hornoch

2007-06a   2007 06 14.022  00 41 58.33 +41 14 10.6  19.1R   519W  118S    E. Ovcharov
2007-06a   2007 06 15.053  00 41 58.40 +41 14 10.9  19.4R   518W  118S    K. Hornoch
2007-06b   2007 06 19.4    00 42 33.14 +41 00 25.9  16.8U   126W  943S    (R. Quimby)

2007-07a   2007 07 05.050  00 43 04.05 +41 17 08.3  16.6R   222E   60N    V. Burwitz
2007-07a   2007 07 06.989  00 43 04.07 +41 17 07.9  17.8R   223E   59N    K. Hornoch
2007-07b   2007 07 11.019  00 42 45.84 +41 18 02.7  18.6R    17E  114N    E. Ovcharov
2007-07b   2007 07 10.042  00 42 45.89 +41 18 04.2  17.5H    18E  116N    W. Pietsch
2007-07c   2007 07 19.007  00 43 03.29 +41 14 52.9  18.8R   214E   76S    V. Burwitz
2007-07c   2007 07 23.569  00 43 03.26 +41 14 53.0  16.7U                 S. Nakano
2007-07c   2007 07 23.682  00 43 03.23 +41 14 53.4  16.8U                 S. Nakano
2007-07d   2007 07 24.046  00 42 59.49 +41 15 06.5  19.4R   171E   62S    V. Burwitz
2007-07e   2007 07 26.940  00 42 43.26 +41 17 43.1  16.8U    11W   96N    V. Burwitz
2007-07e   2007 07 26.960  00 42 43.29 +41 17 44.1  18.0R    11W   96N    V. Burwitz
2007-07e   2007 07 28.097  00 42 43.23 +41 17 44.1  16.4U    11W   96N    V. Burwitz
2007-07e   2007 07 29.101  00 42 43.24 +41 17 42.9  16.9U    11W   96N    V. Burwitz

2007-08a   2007 08 06.3    00 40 54.40 +40 53 50.3  16.1U  1239W 1338S    R. Quimby
2007-08b   2007 08 14.969  00 41 49.41 +41 04 02.6  19.4R   620W  726S    K. Hornoch
2007-08c   2007 08 30.018  00 42 29.37 +41 18 25.0  17.8R   168W  136N    W. Pietsch
2007-08c   2007 08 30.987  00 42 29.37 +41 18 25.0  17.6R   169W  136N    K. Hornoch
2007-08d   2007 08 24.081  00 39 30.27 +40 29 14.2  18.7R  2190W 2814S    W. Pietsch

2007-10a   2007 10 05.6064 00 42 55.93 +41 03 22.0  16.0U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2007-10a   2007 10 05.7310 00 42 55.93 +41 03 22.4  16.6U                 S. Nakano (Nishiyama)
2007-10a   2007 10 05.7477 00 42 55.93 +41 03 21.9  16.4U                 S. Nakano (Kadota)
2007-10a   2007 10 05.868  00 42 55.91 +41 03 21.3  16.5R                 E. Ovcharov
2007-10a   2007 10 06.104  00 42 55.95 +41 03 22.0  17.1U   131E  766S    W. Pietsch
2007-10b   2007 10 13.255  00 43 29.47 +41 17 14.1  18.0R   509E   65N    V. Burwitz
2007-10b   2007 10 13.259  00 43 29.45 +41 17 13.8  17.8R   509E   65N    V. Burwitz   
2007-10b   2007 10 13.720  00 43 29.53 +41 17 13.8  18.5R   510E   65N    K. Hornoch

2007-11a   2007 11 02.280  00 42 37.29 +41 17 10.3  16.9R    79W   62N    W. Pietsch
2007-11b   2007 11 01.35   00 43 52.99 +41 03 36.2  19.3R   774E  752S    V. Burwitz
2007-11b   2007 11 06.809  00 43 52.94 +41 03 36.0  19.7R   774E  753S    E. Ovcharov
2007-11c   2007 11 13.047  00 43 04.11 +41 15 53.6  17.8R   223E   15S    K. Hornoch
2007-11c   2007 11 13.27   00 43 04.14 +41 15 54.3  17.4R   223E   14S    V. Burwitz
2007-11c   2007 11 13.442  00 43 04.13 +41 15 54.1  17.1U                 S. Nakano
2007-11c   2007 11 13.55   00 43 04.14 +41 15 54.2  16.6U                 S. Nakano
2007-11d   2007 11 17.569  00 44 54.59 +41 37 40.1  17.1U                 S. Nakano
2007-11d   2007 11 16.511  00 44 54.60 +41 37 40.0  17.7U                 S. Nakano
2007-11d   2007 11 19.522  00 44 54.62 +41 37 39.9  15.1U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2007-11e   2007 11 28.390  00 45 47.75 +42 02 03.7  16.5U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2007-11f   2007 11 28.716  00 41 31.52 +41 07 13.1  17.8R   821W  535S    E. Ovcharov
2007-11f   2007 12 04.19   00 41 31.61 +41 07 14.1  18.4R   821W  534S    W. Pietsch
2007-11g   2007 11 28.716  00 44 15.88 +41 13 51.1  18.7R  1032E  137S    E. Ovcharov
2007-11g   2007 10 29.27   00 44 15.80 +41 13 50.3  18.8R  1032E  138S    W. Pietsch

2007-12a   2007 12 05.523  00 44 03.51 +41 38 41.1  18.3U                 S. Nakano
2007-12a   2007 12 05.666  00 44 03.55 +41 38 41.2  17.8U                 S. Nakano (Kadota)
2007-12b   2007 12 09.528  00 43 19.95 +41 13 46.6  16.1U                 S. Nakano
2007-12b   2007 12 10.734  00 43 19.98 +41 13 46.4  17.0R   402E  142S    K. Hornoch
2007-12c   2007 12 14.382  00 45 09.54 +41 20 07.1  16.8U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2007-12c   2007 12 13.76   00 45 09.58 +41 20 07.6  16.4U  1637E  239N    W. Pietsch
2007-12c   2007 12 15.415  00 45 09.55 +41 20 07.9  16.9U                 S. Nakano (Kadota)
2007-12d   2007 12 17.574  00 41 54.94 +41 09 47.5  16.8U                 S. Nakano
2007-12d   2007 12 18.19   00 41 54.96 +41 09 47.3  17.2R   557W  382S    M. Henze
2007-12d   2007 12 18.664  00 41 54.94 +41 09 47.4  17.8U                 S. Nakano (Kadota)

2008-01a   2008 01 20.21   00 42 58.54 +41 14 44.1  17.2R   161E   85S    V. Burwitz
2008-01a   2008 01 20.21   00 42 58.55 +41 14 44.5  17.5g   160E   84S    A. Rau
2008-01b   2008 01 19.11   00 44 53.56 +41 53 04.7  17.6U  1457E 2216N    F. Yuan

2008-02a   2008 02 07.17   00 42 30.40 +41 09 53.9  18.2R   157W  376S    M. Henze
2008-02a   2008 02 08.17   00 42 30.38 +41 09 53.8  17.0R   157W  376S    M. Henze
2008-02a   2008 02 08.448  00 42 30.40 +41 09 54.5  17.4U                 S. Nakano
2008-02a   2008 02 08.726  00 42 30.39 +41 09 53.7  17.0R   157W  375S    K. Hornoch
2008-02b   2008 02 13.4361 00 43 08.87 +41 35 55.6  17.6U                 S. Nakano
2008-02b   2008 02 16.4291 00 43 08.86 +41 35 55.8  17.6U                 S. Nakano
2008-02b   2008 02 17.4374 00 43 08.89 +41 35 55.7  17.4U                 S. Nakano

2008-03a   2008 03 01.4351 00 42 10.06 +40 57 48.7  18.0U                 V. Burwitz (Nishiyama/Kabashima)
2008-03a   2008 03 02.8317 00 42 10.08 +40 57 48.7  15.2U   393W 1100S    V. Burwitz
2008-03b   2008 03 07.756  00 42 34.24 +41 16 44.9  17.7R   114W   36N    K. Hornoch
2008-03b   2008 03 08.13   00 42 34.21 +41 16 44.4  17.1R   114W   35N    M. Henze
2008-03b   2008 06 07.45   00 42 34.20 +41 16 44.0  17.9R   113W   34N    M. Henze

2008-05a   2008 05 14.7938 00 42 56.83 +41 11 52.4  16.6U   141E  256S    S. Nakano
2008-05a   2008 05 15.7920 00 42 56.84 +41 11 52.6  16.8U   141E  256S    S. Nakano
2008-05a   2008 05 15.058  00 42 56.87 +41 11 52.3  16.4R   142E  256S    K. Hornoch
2008-05a   2008 05 28.040  00 42 56.98 +41 11 52.1  18.0R   143E  256S    E. Ovcharov
2008-05b   2008 05 22.7624 00 42 52.71 +41 16 39.0  16.0U                 S. Nakano
2008-05b   2008 05 26.7679 00 42 52.77 +41 16 39.2  16.6U    95E   40N    S. Nakano 
2008-05b   2008 05 27.45   00 42 52.96 +41 16 38.3  17.8R    97E   29N    M. Henze 
2008-05b   2008 05 28.040  00 42 52.83 +41 16 39.3  18.3R    96E   31N    E. Ovcharov
2008-05c   2008 05 26.45   00 43 12.08 +41 19 15.8  17.0R   313E  186N    M. Henze 
2008-05c   2008 05 28.040  00 43 12.11 +41 19 16.4  17.4R   313E  188S    E. Ovcharov
2008-05c   2008 05 31.023  00 43 12.08 +41 19 16.2  17.6R   313E  188N    K. Hornoch
2008-05d   2008 05 28.040  00 44 01.86 +41 04 24.2  19.6R   874E  704S    E. Ovcharov
2008-05d   2008 06 09.48   00 44 01.73 +41 04 23.8  17.3R   875E  706S    M. Henze

2008-06a   2008 06 14.46   00 42 37.72 +41 12 30.0  18.0R    74W  219S    M. Henze
2008-06a   2008 06 27.46   00 42 37.69 +41 12 30.2  16.6R                 M. Henze
2008-06a   2008 09 01.0396 00 42 37.67 +41 12 29.4  18.7R    75W  219S    A. Valcheva
2008-06a   2008 09 02.0553 00 42 37.67 +41 12 29.4  18.9R    75W  219S    A. Valcheva
2008-06a   2008 08 31.39   00 42 37.73 +41 12 31.0  20.3r    74W  217S    D. Balam 
2008-06b   2008 06 26.11   00 42 27.81 +41 14 48.2  16.1U   186W   80S    V. Burwitz
2008-06b   2008 06 26.998  00 42 27.81 +41 14 48.2  15.9R   186W   80S    K. Hornoch
2008-06b   2008 06 30.7071 00 42 27.78 +41 14 48.2  17.1U   186W   80S    S. Nakano
2008-06c   2008 06 29.992  00 43 08.27 +41 18 37.7  19.0R   270E  149N    K. Hornoch
2008-06c   2008 06 30.43   00 43 08.30 +41 18 38.0  18.7R   270E  149N    M. Henze

2008-07a   2008 06 30.45   00 42 34.42 +41 18 15.7  18.3R   111W  126N    M. Henze
2008-07a   2008 07 08.067  00 42 34.41 +41 18 15.4  19.1R   112W  127N    K. Hornoch
2008-07a   2008 12 16.4749 00 42 34.36 +41 18 15.6  18.0U   112W  129N    S. Nakano
2008-07b   2008 07 23.33   00 43 27.28 +41 10 03.3  19.3g   486E  366S    M. M. Kasliwal
2008-07b   2008 07 28.081  00 43 27.34 +41 10 03.1  18.4R   485E  365S    K. Hornoch

2008-08a   2008 08 09.96   00 42 44.99 +41 17 07.7  16.8R     8E   58N    M. Henze
2008-08a   2008 08 14.116  00 42 44.97 +41 17 07.6  16.7R     7E   59N    K. Hornoch
2008-08b   2008 08 09.96   00 42 52.38 +41 16 12.9  16.4R    91E    3N    M. Henze
2008-08b   2008 08 14.116  00 42 52.36 +41 16 13.1  17.8R    91E    5N    K. Hornoch
2008-08c   2008 08 28.127  00 42 40.51 +41 26 18.0  18.7R    43W  610N    K. Hornoch
2008-08c   2008 08 28.7572 00 42 40.56 +41 26 17.1  18.1U    42W  640N    S. Nakano
2008-08c   2008 09 01.0396 00 42 40.57 +41 26 17.6  16.8R    42W  609N    A. Valcheva
2008-08d   2008 08 25.23   00 45 48.25 +43 02 22.2  18.4U  2074E 6374N    F. Yuan
2008-08e*  2008 08 31.34   00 43 38.13 +41 22 47.8  17.2r   606E  399N    D. Balam 
2008-08e*  2008 10 05.104  00 43 38.04 +41 22 48.2  19.2R   605E  400N    K. Hornoch

2008-09a   2008 09 13.18   00 41 46.72 +41 07 52.1  19.0g   648W  498S    M. M. Kasliwal
2008-09b   2008 09 20.15   00 40 31.94 +41 06 25.0  18.5U  1492W  584S    F. Yuan
2008-09c   2008 09 15.36   00 42 51.42 +41 01 54.0  19.1g    80E  854S    M. M. Kasliwal
2008-09c   2008 09 22.5362 00 42 51.36 +41 01 54.0  17.3U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2008-09c   2008 09 22.6928 00 42 51.38 +41 01 53.7  17.3U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2008-09c   2008 09 22.7897 00 42 51.39 +41 01 53.8  17.5U                 S. Nakano (Kadota)
2008-09c   2008 09 19.5670 00 42 51.36 +41 01 53.8  16.7U    79E  855S    S. Nakano (Nishiyama)
2008-09c   2008 09 21.6350 00 42 51.37 +41 01 53.8  17.3U                 S. Nakano (Nishiyama)

2008-10a   2008 10 07.7111 00 43 35.45 +41 54 44.2  18.1U   576E 2316N    S. Nakano (Nishiyama)
2008-10a   2008 10 08.5296 00 43 35.47 +41 54 44.2  17.1U                 S. Nakano (Nishiyama)
2008-10b   2008 10 06.11   00 43 02.41 +41 14 10.0  19.1R   204E  119S    M. Henze
2008-10b   2008 10 18.91   00 43 02.42 +41 14 09.9  18.3R   204E  120S    M. Henze
2008-10b   2008 10 19.6985 00 43 02.39 +41 14 10.1  18.2U   204E  118S    S. Nakano

2008-11a   2008 11 04.4380 00 41 32.21 +41 06 01.1  17.1                  S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2008-11a   2008 11 04.5338 00 41 32.22 +41 06 01.0  16.9                  S. Nakano (Nishiyama)
2008-11a   2008 11 04.6666 00 41 32.22 +41 06 00.9  17.0                  S. Nakano (Kadota)
2008-11a   2008 11 04.718  00 41 32.26 +41 06 01.2  16.5R   814W  607S    K. Hornoch
2008-11a   2008 11 05.6321 00 41 32.23 +41 06 01.0  17.7    813W  608S    S. Nakano (Nishiyama)
2008-11a   2008 11 04.94   00 41 32.26 +41 06 01.0  16.7R   814W  608S    M. Henze
2008-11a   2008 11 04.84   00 41 32.22 +41 06 01.5  16.6U   813W  607S    F. Yuan
2008-11b*  2008 11 26.498  00 42 26.50 +42 15 36.7  19.0                  S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2008-11b*  2008 11 28.694  00 42 26.51 +42 15 36.7  14.7                  S. Nakano (Kadota)
2008-11c*  2008 11 26.4978 00 43 18.65 +42 10 14.3  18.2                  S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2008-11c*  2008 11 29.3852 00 43 18.58 +42 10 14.1  18.2                  S. Nakano (Itagaki)

2008-12a   2008 12 26.4809 00 45 28.80 +41 54 10.1  18.7U  1854E 2282N    S. Nakano
2008-12a   2008 12 27.4926 00 45 28.81 +41 54 10.4  19.9U                 S. Nakano
2008-12b   2008 12 30.4523 00 43 04.84 +41 17 52.0  18.0U   231E  103N    S. Nakano 
2008-12b   2008 12 31.4570 00 43 04.85 +41 17 51.6  17.4U                 S. Nakano 
2008-12b   2008 12 30.8288 00 43 04.89 +41 17 51.9  19.0R   232E  103N    A. Valcheva
2008-12b   2009 01 08.753  00 43 04.88 +41 17 51.7  17.0R   232E  103N    K. Hornoch

2009-01a   2009 01 28.4224 00 44 44.03 +41 23 28.3  18.6U  1350E  440N    S. Nakano
2009-01a   2009 01 31.4990 00 44 44.02 +41 23 28.8  18.5U                 S. Nakano

2009-02a   2009 02 06.4286 00 43 43.78 +41 36 38.8  17.7U   670E 1230N    S. Nakano
2009-02a   2009 02 06.799  00 43 43.85 +41 36 39.9  17.2R   671E 1231N    E. Ovcharov
2009-02a   2009 02 07.4529 00 43 43.81 +41 36 38.8  16.8U                 S. Nakano
2009-02a   2009 02 09.754  00 43 43.81 +41 36 38.4  16.9R   669E 1230N    K. Hornoch
2009-02b   2009 02 20.13   00 42 27.77 +41 13 42.3  18.5R   189W  147S    W. Pietsch
2009-02b   2009 02 22.13   00 42 27.77 +41 13 42.4  18.2R   187W  147S    W. Pietsch
2009-02b   2009 02 21.4454 00 42 27.77 +41 13 42.9  17.8U   187W  146S    W. Pietsch (Nishiyama)

2009-05a   2009 05 17.069  00 42 45.04 +41 15 21.2  17.6R     8E   47S    K. Hornoch
2009-05a   2009 06 21.0187 00 42 45.05 +41 15 21.1  18.2R     8E   47S    A. Valcheva
2009-05a   2009 07 18.9931 00 42 45.05 +41 15 21.1  18.7R     8E   47S    A. Valcheva
2009-05b   2009 05 17.069  00 42 33.98 +41 10 55.9  18.3R   117W  313S    K. Hornoch

2009-06a   2009 06 15.7232 00 45 45.83 +41 59 59.9  17.8U  2046E 2589N    S. Nakano
2009-06a   2009 06 16.7073 00 45 45.82 +42 00 00.3  17.4U                 S. Nakano
2009-06b   2009 06 30.7373 00 42 10.32 +41 12 19.8  17.6U   383W  231S    S. Nakano
2009-06b   2009 07 01.7869 00 42 10.32 +41 12 20.0  18.1U                 S. Nakano
2009-06b   2009 06 30.045  00 42 10.36 +41 12 19.9  17.7U   383W  229S    W. Pietsch
2009-06b   2009 06 30.114  00 42 10.37 +41 12 19.8  17.8R   383W  230S    W. Pietsch

2009-08a   2009 08 04.032  00 42 58.06 +41 17 29.8  17.2H   155E   81N    W. Pietsch
2009-08a   2009 08 07.6865 00 42 58.11 +41 17 29.8  17.7U                 W. Pietsch (Nishiyama)
2009-08a   2009 08 21.022  00 42 58.16 +41 17 30.3  18.6R                 E. Ovcharov
2009-08a   2009 09 18.025  00 42 58.13 +41 17 29.9  18.4V   156E   81N    K. Hornoch
2009-08b   2009 08 09.7798 00 44 09.90 +41 48 50.6  17.2U   965E 1962N    K. Nishiyama
2009-08b   2009 08 10.5818 00 44 09.87 +41 48 50.8  17.1U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-08b   2009 08 14.5275 00 44 09.88 +41 48 50.8  17.5U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-08b   2009 08 14.6866 00 44 09.91 +41 48 50.6  17.6U                 S. Nakano (Kadota)
2009-08b   2009 08 15.0950 00 44 09.91 +41 48 51.0  18.1U                 R. Ferrando
2009-08b   2009 08 15.9615 00 44 09.91 +41 48 50.9  17.8U                 R. Ferrando
2009-08b   2009 08 15.9813 00 44 09.90 +41 48 51.3  17.9R                 D. Rodriguez
2009-08b   2009 08 15.9944 00 44 09.90 +41 48 50.7  17.8U                 A. Hermosa
2009-08b   2009 08 16.0036 00 44 09.90 +41 48 50.6  17.4R                 F. Pena C.
2009-08b   2009 08 16.0833 00 44 09.91 +41 48 51.0  17.7V                 C. Segarra
2009-08b   2009 08 17.0548 00 44 09.91 +41 48 51.0  17.7V                 C. Segarra
2009-08b   2009 08 25.896  00 44 09.90 +41 48 52.3  18.9R                 E. Ovcharov
2009-08c   2009 08 12.423  00 42 41.20 +41 17 01.7  17.8R    35W   53N    K. Hornoch
2009-08c   2009 08 13.05   00 42 41.22 +41 17 01.3  17.3H    35W   52N    M. Henze
2009-08c   2009 08 19.933  00 42 41.14 +41 17 00.3  17.2R    35W   53N    E. Ovcharov
2009-08d   2009 08 12.423  00 42 46.78 +41 15 36.9  17.2R    28E   32S    K. Hornoch
2009-08d   2009 08 13.08   00 42 46.76 +41 15 37.3  16.6H    28E   32S    M. Henze
2009-08e   2009 08 25.6293 00 42 36.15 +41 18 02.6  18.9U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-08e   2009 08 25.896  00 42 36.23 +41 18 01.6  19.0R    91W  113N    E. Ovcharov
2009-08e   2009 08 26.6725 00 42 36.16 +41 18 02.4  17.8U    92W  114N    K. Nishiyama
2009-08e   2009 08 27.5867 00 42 36.17 +41 18 02.1  18.2U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-08e   2009 09 18.043  00 42 36.18 +41 18 02.0  19.1V    92W  114N    K. Hornoch

2009-09a   2009 08 29.990  00 42 26.07 +41 04 00.6  18.8R   206W  728S    K. Hornoch
2009-09a   2009 09 02.078  00 42 26.04 +41 04 01.2  17.8U   207W  728N    M. Henze
2009-09a   2009 09 03.7523 00 42 26.02 +41 04 01.4  17.8U   206W  727S    K. Nishiyama
2009-09a   2009 09 03.999  00 42 26.08 +41 04 01.0  17.6U   206W  728N    M. Henze
2009-09a   2009 09 04.5703 00 42 26.04 +41 04 01.4  17.7U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-09a   2009 09 18.006  00 42 26.02 +41 04 01.2  19.0V   207W  727S    K. Hornoch

2009-10a   2009 10 03.6189 00 45 14.01 +42 04 39.1  17.1U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10a   2009 10 03.6454 00 45 14.04 +42 04 38.8  17.1U                 S. Nakano (Nishimaya)
2009-10a   2009 10 04.2112 00 45 14.06 +42 04 38.4  17.3U                 S. Nakano (Yusa)
2009-10a   2009 10 09.861  00 45 14.02 +42 04 39.0  18.3V  1677E 2910N    K. Hornoch
2009-10b   2009 10 09.986  00 42 20.85 +41 16 44.3  18.8R   265W   36N    K. Hornoch
2009-10b   2009 10 10.5858 00 42 20.74 +41 16 44.8  18.0U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-10b   2009 10 11.4135 00 42 20.74 +41 16 44.2  17.8U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.4561 00 42 20.76 +41 16 44.7  17.2U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.5218 00 42 20.76 +41 16 44.8  17.0U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.5717 00 42 20.78 +41 16 44.6  16.9U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.5756 00 42 20.71 +41 16 44.8  17.0U                 S. Nakano (Yusa)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.5801 00 42 20.78 +41 16 44.8  17.2U   265W   36N    K. Nishiyama
2009-10b   2009 10 11.7281 00 42 20.81 +41 16 44.3  16.9U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.7413 00 42 20.77 +41 16 44.7  16.9U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 11.9648 00 42 20.84 +41 16 44.4  17.0R                 J. Nicolas
2009-10b   2009 10 12.5188 00 42 20.77 +41 16 44.6  16.4U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 14.5873 00 42 20.77 +41 16 44.4  15.0U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10b   2009 10 14.7507 00 42 20.80 +41 16 44.6  15.0U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2009-10c   2009 10 09.12   00 42 45.76 +41 15 57.1  17.2H    16E   12S    W. Pietsch
2009-10c   2009 10 09.808  00 42 45.73 +41 15 57.2  17.7V    16E   11S    K. Hornoch
2009-10c   2009 10 09.986  00 42 45.66 +41 15 57.3  17.7R    15E   11S    K. Hornoch

2009-11a   2009 11 03.5591 00 43 04.77 +41 41 08.0  17.8U   231E 1499N    K. Nishiyama
2009-11a   2009 11 04.4665 00 43 04.75 +41 41 08.3  17.6U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-11a   2009 11 03.865  00 43 04.79 +41 41 08.0  17.6R                 V. Burwitz
2009-11a   2009 11 04.963  00 43 04.78 +41 41 07.6  17.6R   230E 1499N    K. Hornoch
2009-11b   2009 10 31.132  00 42 39.60 +41 09 02.9  18.6R    53W  426S    K. Hornoch
2009-11b   2009 11 06.5232 00 42 39.58 +41 09 03.2  18.4U    53W  425S    K. Nishiyama
2009-11b   2009 11 07.5719 00 42 39.59 +41 09 03.6  18.2U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-11c   2009 11 05.859  00 43 10.42 +41 12 18.8  19.9R   294E  230S    K. Hornoch
2009-11c   2009 11 08.264  00 43 10.49 +41 12 18.3  18.5R   295E  231S    W. Pietsch
2009-11c   2009 11 09.267  00 43 10.47 +41 12 18.5  18.1R   295E  231S    W. Pietsch
2009-11d   2009 11 19.4881 00 44 16.87 +41 18 53.5  17.8U  1043E  165N    K. Nishiyama
2009-11d   2009 11 19.194  00 44 16.85 +41 18 53.6  18.1R  1043E  165N    W. Pietsch
2009-11d   2009 11 21.799  00 44 16.88 +41 18 53.6  17.3R  1043E  165N    K. Hornoch
2009-11e   2009 11 20.807  00 42 35.30 +41 12 59.5  18.1U   101W  189S    P. Cagas
2009-11e   2009 11 21.138  00 42 35.31 +41 12 59.1  18.5R   102W  190S    W. Pietsch
2009-11e   2009 11 21.816  00 42 35.33 +41 12 59.2  17.7R   101W  189S    K. Hornoch

2009-12a   2009 12 22.4875 00 40 19.41 +41 15 47.6  16.6U  1634W   21S    K. Nishiyama
2009-12a   2009 12 23.5366 00 40 19.40 +41 15 47.7  16.7U                 K. Nishiyama
2009-12a   2009 12 25.1912 00 40 19.42 +41 15 47.9  16.9U                 T. Yusa

2010-01a   2010 01 11.129  00 42 56.76 +41 17 20.9  17.6R   140E   73N    V. Burwitz
2010-01a   2010 01 11.772  00 42 56.70 +41 17 21.4  16.8U   140E   73N    V. Burwitz
2010-01a   2010 01 12.092  00 42 56.74 +41 17 21.0  16.3R   140E   73N    V. Burwitz
2010-01a   2010 01 13.094  00 42 56.74 +41 17 21.1  15.9R   140E   73N    V. Burwitz
2010-01a   2010 01 13.110  00 42 56.73 +41 17 21.2  15.9r   140E   73N    K. Hornoch
2010-01b   2010 01 17.4379 00 43 00.08 +41 25 16.9  18.1U   178E  548N    K. Nishiyama
2010-01b   2010 01 17.5399 00 43 00.13 +41 25 17.4  18.3U                 T. Yusa
2010-01b   2010 01 18.4265 00 43 00.06 +41 25 17.0  17.1U                 K. Nishiyama
2010-01b   2010 01 22.726  00 43 00.08 +41 25 17.0  16.8R   177E  549N    K. Hornoch
2010-01c   2010 01 28.4366 00 43 20.28 +40 58 30.2  17.2U   405E 1058S    K. Nishiyama
2010-01c   2010 01 29.821  00 43 20.31 +40 58 30.1  16.8R   407E 1058S    K. Hornoch
2010-01d   2010 01 15.52   00 42 42.81 +41 16 14.7  15.8UV   17W    5N    W. Pietsch
2010-01d   2010 01 31.838  00 42 42.79 +41 16 14.3  18.9R    17W    6N    K. Hornoch

2010-02a   2010 02 27.749  00 42 36.87 +41 15 29.6  15.5R    84W   39S    K. Hornoch
2010-02a   2010 02 28.4255 00 42 36.82 +41 15 29.4  16.4U    85W   39S    K. Nishiyama

2010-03a   2010 03 01.749  00 42 47.73 +41 17 01.4  17.4R    38E   53N    K. Hornoch
2010-03b   2010 03 17.765  00 42 55.87 +41 15 19.6  16.9R   130E   49S    K. Hornoch

2010-04a   2010 04 29.8149 00 42 44.76 +41 15 12.0  16.5U     5E   57S    K. Nishiyama
2010-04a   2010 05 01.8092 00 42 44.74 +41 15 11.8  17.1U                 K. Nishiyama

2010-05a   2010 05 28.035  00 42 35.90 +41 16 37.5  17.6R    95W   29N    K. Hornoch
2010-05a   2010 05 28.049  00 42 35.85 +41 16 37.2  17.4R    96W   29N    K. Hornoch
2010-05a   2010 05 28.062  00 42 35.88 +41 16 37.4  17.4R    95W   29N    K. Hornoch
2010-05a   2010 06 04.135  00 42 35.90 +41 16 38.2  17.1R    95W   30N    K. Hornoch
2010-05a   2010 06 03.7844 00 42 35.90 +41 16 37.9  17.4U    95W   29N    K. Nishiyama

2010-06a   2010 06 28.014  00 43 07.52 +41 19 48.7  18.1R   261E  220N    K. Hornoch
2010-06b   2010 06 28.014  00 44 22.46 +41 28 14.5  19.1R  1105E  726N    K. Hornoch
2010-06c   2010 06 26.084  00 44 04.48 +41 28 34.2  17.8R   902E  746N    V. Burwitz
2010-06c   2010 06 26.997  00 44 04.47 +41 28 34.2  17.6R   902E  746N    K. Hornoch
2010-06c   2010 06 27.028  00 44 04.48 +41 28 33.8  18.0U   902E  745N    W. Pietsch
2010-06d   2010 06 24.02   00 42 55.56 +41 19 25.5  19.5UV  127E  197N    W. Pietsch
2010-06d   2010 06 30.003  00 42 55.53 +41 19 25.0  18.6R   126E  197N    K. Hornoch
2010-06d   2010 07 01.022  00 42 55.53 +41 19 25.0  18.3R   126E  197N    K. Hornoch
2010-06d   2010 07 01.082  00 42 55.62 +41 19 25.7  17.8U   127E  197N    W. Pietsch

2010-07a   2010 07 07.07   00 43 20.11 +41 21 23.7  20.6UV  403E  314N    M. Henze
2010-07a   2010 07 08.02   00 43 20.11 +41 21 23.7  18.4R   403E  314N    M. Henze
2010-07a   2010 07 08.060  00 43 20.13 +41 21 23.7  18.2R   403E  315N    K. Hornoch
2010-07b   2010 07 10.210  00 43 07.50 +41 17 58.6  18.8H   261E  110N    K. Hornoch

2010-08a*  2010 08 08.1089 00 43 28.28 +41 41 25.0  18.5U                 C. Segarra
2010-08a*  2010 08 08.1373 00 43 28.28 +41 41 25.0  18.5U                 F. Pena
2010-08a*  2010 08 08.1557 00 43 28.28 +41 41 25.0  18.6U                 R. Ferrando
2010-08a*  2010 08 10.0052 00 43 28.28 +41 41 25.0  18.2U                 R. Ferrando
2010-08a*  2010 08 10.0569 00 43 28.30 +41 41 25.2  18.3U                 C. Segarra
2010-08a*  2010 08 11.1372 00 43 28.28 +41 41 24.9  18.1U                 A. de la Hermosa
2010-08a*  2010 08 14.1525 00 43 28.28 +41 41 25.0  17.9U                 R. Ferrando

2010-09a   2010 09 04.552  00 42 23.32 +42 17 08.6  17.2U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2010-09b   2010 09 30.412  00 43 45.53 +41 07 54.7  17.7R   690E  494S    W. Pietsch
2010-09b   2010 09 30.5656 00 43 45.52 +41 07 54.9  17.3U                 K. Nishiyama
2010-09b   2010 10 01.5162 00 43 45.52 +41 07 54.9  16.9U                 K. Nishiyama
2010-09b   2010 10 01.5637 00 43 45.51 +41 07 54.9  16.8U                 K. Nishiyama
2010-09b   2010 10 01.4162 00 43 45.54 +41 07 55.0  16.9U                 T. Yusa

2010-10a   2010 10 05.551  00 42 45.82 +41 24 22.0  17.9U    17E  493N    K. Nishiyama
2010-10a   2010 10 06.188  00 42 45.82 +41 24 22.3  17.3U    16E  497N    K. Nishiyama
2010-10b   2010 10 06.932  00 42 41.51 +41 03 27.3  18.9R    32W  761S    K. Hornoch
2010-10b   2010 10 07.767  00 42 41.52 +41 03 27.3  18.9R    32W  761S    K. Hornoch
2010-10c   2010 10 13.5566 00 44 26.6  +41 31 13.4  17.8U                 J. Ruan
2010-10c   2010 10 15.574  00 44 26.55 +41 31 13.8  17.0U  1153E  905N    K. Nishiyama
2010-10c   2010 10 16.399  00 44 26.56 +41 31 13.8  17.4U                 S. Nakano (Itagaki)
2010-10c   2010 10 16.396  00 44 26.54 +41 31 13.2  17.5U                 T. Yusa
2010-10d   2010 10 29.478  00 42 36.91 +41 19 29.9  17.8U    84W  201N    K. Nishiyama
2010-10d   2010 10 29.587  00 42 36.97 +41 19 28.7  18.5U   110W  200N    G. Sun
2010-10d   2010 10 29.729  00 42 36.91 +41 19 29.6  17.9R    84W  201N    K. Hornoch
2010-10e   2010 10 31.727  00 42 57.74 +41 08 12.1  18.1R   151E  476S    K. Hornoch

2010-12a   2010 12 01.15   00 40 24.39 +41 04 03.9  16.7U  1578W  726S    W. Zheng
2010-12a   2010 12 01.5205 00 40 24.39 +41 04 03.7  16.3U                 J. Ruan
2010-12a   2010 12 01.5430 00 40 24.37 +41 04 03.7  16.1U                 J. Ruan
2010-12a   2010 12 04.5545 00 40 24.36 +41 04 03.3  16.0U                 J. Ruan
2010-12a   2010 12 05.5167 00 40 24.37 +41 04 03.5  16.0U                 J. Ruan
2010-12a   2010 12 06.5322 00 40 24.37 +41 04 03.4  16.2U                 J. Ruan
2010-12a   2010 12 07.5245 00 40 24.37 +41 04 03.4  16.3U                 J. Ruan
2010-12b   2010 12 10.359  00 42 31.07 +41 27 20.0  16.7U                 T. Yusa
2010-12b   2010 12 10.515  00 42 31.07 +41 27 20.4  16.1U                 G. Sun
2010-12b   2010 12 10.532  00 42 30.88 +41 27 21.7  16.0U                 M. Koishikawa
2010-12b   2010 12 11.095  00 42 31.08 +41 27 20.3  16.6R   149W  672N    W. Pietsch
2010-12b   2010 12 11.468  00 42 31.06 +41 27 20.5  17.4U   149W  672N    K. Nishiyama
2010-12c   2010 12 15.5276 00 42 56.66 +41 17 21.3  17.2U   139E   73N   J. Ruan
2010-12c   2010 12 16.5168 00 42 56.67 +41 17 21.3  17.1U   139E   73N   J. Ruan
2010-12c   2010 12 16.5178 00 42 56.68 +41 17 21.1  17.0U   139E   73N   J. Ruan
2010-12c   2010 12 16.729  00 42 56.67 +41 17 21.3  16.5R   139E   73N   K. Hornoch
2010-12c   2010 12 17.3916 00 42 56.64 +41 17 21.3  16.4U                T. Yusa
2010-12c   2010 12 16.526  00 42 56.65 +41 17 21.5  16.4U   139E   73N   K. Nishiyama

2011-01a   2011 01 07.39   00 42 42.66 +41 19 14.2  18.1U    19W  186N   T. Yusa
2011-01a   2011 01 07.432  00 42 42.60 +41 19 14.4  18.4U    20W  186N   K. Nishiyama
2011-01a   2011 01 08.484  00 42 42.65 +41 19 14.3  17.7U                S. Nakano (Kadota)
2011-01a   2011 01 08.527  00 42 42.64 +41 19 14.6  18.0U                G. Sun
2011-01a   2011 01 08.788  00 42 42.65 +41 19 14.7  17.1R    19W  186N   K. Hornoch
2011-01a   2011 01 11.20   00 42 42.66 +41 19 14.7  14.9R    19W  185N   M. Henze


NOTES: (2000-08a) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and D. Carter on archival images taken by D. Carter using 2.5-m Isaac Newton telescope at La Palma in 2000; images were downloaded from public ING archive. H_alpha magnitudes by Hornoch (except otherwise noted): 2000 July 27.217 UT, 18.7: (prediscovery 2.5-m INT image obtained by Watson); Aug. 6.233, 17.09; 6.241, 16.96; 2004 Dec. 18.068, [22 (3.5-m WIYN telescope R-band image obtained by P. Garnavich). Hornoch could not find a record of this object in any searches of papers or WWW pages devoted to novae in M31. (2000-08b) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and D. Carter on archival images taken by D. Carter using 2.5-m Isaac Newton telescope at La Palma in 2000. Images were downloaded from public ING archive. H_alpha magnitudes by Hornoch (except otherwise noted): 2000 July 27.217 UT, 17.5 (prediscovery 2.5-m INT image obtained by Watson); Aug. 6.233, 17.91; 6.241, 17.90; 2004 Dec. 18.068, [22 (3.5-m WIYN telescope R-band image obtained by P. Garnavich). Hornoch could not find a record of this object in any searches of papers or WWW pages devoted to novae in M31. (2003-07a) Discovery by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) in mid-2004 on archival images taken by L. Sarounova and P. Kusnirak at Ondrejov (O) and by Hornoch at Lelekovice (L); R-band magnitudes: 2002 Sept. 13.136 UT, [20.6 (O); 2003 July 9.025, [18.7 (L); 11.038, 18.3: (L); 14.989, 18.7: (L); 19.034, 19.0 (O); 20.014, 18.4 (L); 25.974, 17.9 (L); 26.020, 18.2 (O); 26.980, 17.6 (L); 27.049, 18.0 (O); Aug. 4.909, 18.7 (O); 5.981, 18.7 (L); 7.989, 18.8 (L); 15.959, 18.7: (L); 22.980, 19.2: (L); 23.971, 18.7 (L); 26.930, 18.9: (L); Sep. 6.043, 18.7 (O); 14.828, [18.5 (L); 21.822, 18.6: (L); 30.825, [19.1 (L); 2004 July 16.988, [20.0 (L). (2004-01a) Discovery by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a). R-band magnitudes by Hornoch unless noted otherwise: Jan. 23.717, 18.5; 23.718, 18.4; Feb. 11.748, 17.8; 12.770, 18.1; Mar. 3.767, 18.9; 5.750, 19.2; 14.772, 19.4; 17.766, 19.9 (P. Kusnirak, Ondrejov Observatory); 17.769, 19.6. (2004-03a) Kamil Hornoch, Lelekovice, Czech Republic, 0.35-m reflector + ST-6V CCD. Discovery from co-added 540-sec R-band frames. Hint of the new object is present on images from Feb. 24.801 and 25.738 UT. Apparent nova is not present on many older images from years 2002-2004 (the last one was taken on Feb. 20.740, limiting mag 18.8). Coadded broadband 29 H-alpha 30-sec images taken on Mar. 5.779 also show well the new object. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch unless noted otherwise: Feb. 11.748, [19.0; 20.740, [18.8; 24.801, 18.8: (hint of object); 25.738, 19.0 (hint); Mar. 3.767, 17.4; 3.801, 17.3; 5.750, 17.8; 14.772, 19.3; 17.766, 19.5 (P. Kusnirak, Ondrejov Observatory). (2004-03b) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) on co-added 900-sec R-band frames. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch unless noted otherwise: Mar. 3.767, [19.8; 5.750, 19.5: (hint of new object); 17.766, 19.2 (P. Kusnirak, Ondrejov Observatory); 17.769, 19.5:. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Ondrejov images from 2003 (limiting mag R = 21) or on Hornoch's images back to 2002. (2004-05a) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and P. Kusnirak on ten 120-sec R-band images taken with the Ondrejov Observatory 0.65-m reflector (+ AP7p CCD camera). Not present on previous images from years 2003 and 2004 taken at Ondrejov and at Lelekovice (the last previous one taken at Ondrejov on Mar. 17.766 UT with limiting mag R = 20.5). Positions and magnitudes was measured from coadded 1200-sec R-band image. Confirmed on Ondrejov CCD frames taken on May 19.060. R-band magnitudes: Mar. 17.766, [20.5; May 19.060, 17.0; 20.063, 17.2; June 14.025, 19.0; 15.041, 18.9 (Kusnirak). (2004-05b) Details as for M31N 2004-05a. R-band magnitudes: Mar. 17.766 UT, [20.5; May 19.060, 17.2; 20.063, 18.1; June 14.025, 18.8:; 15.041, 19.0: (Kusnirak). (2004-05c) Details as for M31N 2004-05a. R-band magnitudes: Mar. 17.766 UT, [20.5; May 19.060, 19.0:; 20.063, 18.4; June 14.041, [19.2; 15.041, 19.3: (Kusnirak). (2004-06a) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a). R-band magnitudes from Hornoch images unless otherwise noted: May 31.061, [18.9; June 9.039, 17.3 (P. Kusnirak, Ondrejov); 14.025, 18.0; 15.041, 17.8 (Kusnirak); 22.003, 18.8; 25.017, 18.9. (2004-06b) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a). R-band magnitudes by Hornoch unless otherwise noted: June 8.040 UT, [19.4; 14.025, 18.6 (prediscovery); 15.041, 18.1 (prediscovery, P. Kusnirak); 22.003, 17.9; 27.001, 18.0; 30.005, 18.0; July 7.006, 18.1. H. Yamaoka reports a marginal detection by K. Itagaki on an unfiltered CCD image taken on June 17 at mag about 18.0 (but not detected on images from 2003 June 17 and Oct. 27). (2004-06c) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a). R-band magnitudes: June 15.041 UT, [20.0; 22.021, 18.0; 27.026, 17.4; 30.005, 18.4; July 7.006, 19.3. (2004-07a) Discovered by Marco Fiaschi, Dario Tiveron, and Francesco Di Mille at Astronomical Observatory "G. Colombo", Padova, Italy, on CCD images taken with an H_alpha filter (FWHM = 6.3 nm) and a 0.41-m f/4.84 Newtonian reflector. An image of the same field taken with an H_alpha filter on Feb. 9 showed nothing at this position (limiting mag 18). Reference stars for H_alpha photometry are from Ciardullo et al. (1987, Ap.J. 318, 520). Fiaschi et al. used the "modus operandi" as for their previous discoveries of M31 novae (cf. IAUC 7709). (2004-08a) Discovery by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and L. Sarounova on co-added 840-sec R-band CCD frames taken with Ondrejov 0.65-m reflector (+ Apogee AP7p CCD camera). Nothing visible at this location back to 2002 in images to limiting mag R = 20.5. R-band magnitudes: July 30.970, [19.0; Aug. 3.923, 17.7; 4.919, 18.3. (2004-08b) Discovery by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and P. Kusnirak on co-added 1260-sec R-band frames taken with the 0.65-m reflector (+ Apogee AP7p CCD camera) at Ondrejov. R-band magnitudes (O = Ondrejov images; L = Lelekovice images): Aug. 2.974 UT, [20.5 (O); 3.960, 19.4: (L); 4.901, 19.0 (L); 6.997, 17.8 (O); 7.905, 17.6 (L); 7.982, 17.3 (O); 9.070, 17.8 (O); 10.005, 18.5 (L); 10.893, 18.2 (L); 10.956, 17.9 (L); 12.057, 18.3 (O); 15.943, 17.8 (L); 17.870, 17.8 (L); 18.910, 17.9 (L); 19.086, 17.7 (O); 19.875, 17.9 (L); 22.929, 17.8 (L); 23.902, 17.7 (L); 24.060, 17.6 (O); 28.842, 18.3 (L); 28.899, 18.1 (L); 31.915, 18.6 (L); 31.964, 18.5 (L); Sept. 3.018, 18.6 (O); 3.812, 18.7 (L); 3.868, 18.7 (L); 4.819, 19.0 (L); 5.058, 18.9 (O); 5.862, 19.0 (L); 6.930, 19.0 (L); 8.929, 18.3 (L); 8.953, 18.4 (L); 9.071, 18.5 (O); 9.863, 18.4 (L); 9.893, 18.3 (L); 10.884, 18.5; 13.953, 18.6; 16.832, 19.3; 17.835. 19.3; 21.830, 19.5:; 26.790, 19.5. V-band magnitude: Aug. 24.063, 17.6 (O). Published with spectroscopic confirmation on IAUC 8404. (2004-09a) Discovery by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and M. Wolf on co-added 720-sec R-band frames taken with the 0.65-m reflector + CCD (Apogee AP7p camera) at Ondrejov (O). Apparent nova was confirmed on my prediscovery images from Lelekovice (L), but is not present on many older images from years 2002-2004 down to R = 20. R-band magnitudes: Aug. 24.060 UT, [19.8 (O); 28.899, [19.1 (L); 31.915, 18.3 (L); 31.938, 18.0 (L); 31.952, 17.8 (L); Sept. 3.018, 17.5 (O); 3.812, 17.7 (L); 3.868, 17.6 (L); 4.841, 18.2 (L); 5.058, 18.1 (O); 5.862, 18.1 (L); 5.900, 18.2 (L); 6.930, 18.0 (L); 8.929, 18.2 (L); 8.953, 18.1 (L); 9.071, 18.2 (O); 9.863, 18.3 (L); 9.893, 18.4 (L); 10.884, 18.5; 13.953, 18.7; 16.832, 18.7; 17.835. 19.2:; 21.830, 18.9:; 26.790, 19.5:. Published with spectroscopic confirmation on IAUC 8404. (2004-10a) Discovery by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a), Peter Garnavich, X. Zhang, and T. Pimenova on co-added 420-sec R-band and 360-sec S-Vilnius-band CCD frames taken with the 1.83-m Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope at Mt. Graham. Nothing visible to mag R = 21.5 on images from 2003. Strong H_alpha emission. R-band magnitudes: Oct. 10.302, 18.6. (2004-10b) Same details as for M31N 2004-10a. R-band magnitudes: Oct. 10.302, 19.1. (2004-11a) Mark Armstrong, Rolvenden, Kent, England. Nothing visible at this position on images from 2003 Aug. 8 or 2004 Oct. 5 (limiting mag 19.5). Astrometry for Armstrong's report by Martin Mobberley. K. Hornoch's (see M31N 2004-03a) independent discovery from R-band CCD frames. Additional R-band magnitudes: Oct. 10.3, [22 (VATT image; cf. 2004-10a); 22.908, [21 (Ondrejov image); Nov. 5.890, 16.5; 7.852, 17.0; 11.904, 18.1; 14.805, 18.2; 15.718, 18.4; 24.718, 19.0; 25.773, 19.2; 29.796, 19.4:; 29.817, 19.6:. Yamaoka reports observations from K. Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan, apparently unfiltered CCD images), that he evidently made in response to posting at CBAT website. Also, discovered by Federico Manzini, Stazione Astronomica di Sozzago, Novara, Italy (MPC code A12): during SAS Supernova Search with the SAS 0.4-m telescope. An SAS image of M31 taken on Sept. 27.9 shows nothing at the position of the apparent nova (limiting mag about 19.0). Astrometry for Manzini's report by Raoul Behrend (Geneva Observatory). Confirmed on CCD images by Alessandro Dimai (Col Drusci Observatory, Italy) on Nov. 9.9 at mag about 16.2. Manzini's original offset was 11" west, 94" north. Nothing visible to mag about 19.0 on SAS images from Sept. 27.9. A. V. Filippenko, M. Ganeshalingam, and F. J. D. Serduke, University of California, Berkeley, report that inspection of CCD spectra (range 330-1000 nm), obtained on Nov. 19 UT with the Shane 3-m reflector at Lick Observatory, reveals that this object is indeed a nova. Very strong H_alpha emission is present, with FWHM about 2500 km/s. Considerably weaker H_beta, Fe II, and other emission lines are visible, as well. (2004-11b) K. Hornoch's (see M31N 2004-03a, above) discovery from R-band CCD frames. Additional R-band magnitudes: Oct. 10.3, [22 (VATT image; cf. 2004-10a); 22.908, [21 (Ondrejov image); Nov. 5.890, 16.6; 7.852, 17.1; 11.904, 17.4; 14.805, 17.3; 15.718, 17.2; 24.718, 17.5; 25.773, 17.6; 29.796, 17.9; 29.817, 17.9. Yamaoka report of observations by Itagaki (see M31N 2004-11a). Rapid decline seems apparent. A. V. Filippenko, M. Ganeshalingam, and F. J. D. Serduke, University of California, Berkeley, report that inspection of CCD spectra (range 330-1000 nm), obtained on Nov. 19 UT with the Shane 3-m reflector at Lick Observatory, reveals that this object is indeed a nova. Very strong H_alpha emission is present, with FWHM about 2500 km/s. Considerably weaker H_beta, Fe II, and other emission lines are visible, as well. (2004-11c) Discovery by Federico Manzini (see M31N 2004-11a, above), confirmed on CCD images taken on Nov. 16.83 (at mag 16.8). Astrometry by Behrend. Nothing visible to mag about 19.0 on SAS images from Sept. 27.9. Apparent independent discovery by Dimai (see M31N 2004-11a), 0.5-m telescope in course of CROSS program. Six images taken during Nov. 16.83-16.86 UT. Nothing visible to mag about 18.5 on CROSS image taken on Nov. 9.9. (2004-11d) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) on co-added 420-sec and 1200-sec R-band frames. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: Nov. 15.718 UT, [18.5:; 24.718, 17.0:; 25.773, 17.3:; 29.796, 17.6:. Confirmed on co-added 2560-sec broad band H_alpha image taken on Nov. 24.84 UT. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Object has strong H_alpha emission, because is about 1 mag brighter in broad band H_alpha filter than other field stars with the same R-band magnitude. Additional H_alpha-filter image by Hornoch on Nov. 25.730 shows object at about the same brightness as previous day. (2004-11e) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) on co-added 640-sec R-band frames. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: Oct. 10.348 UT, [22 (VATT image; cf. 2004-10a); Nov. 11.917, [19.5; 29.796, 17.6; 29.839, 17.6. Confirmed on co-added 1040-sec broad band H_alpha image taken on Nov. 29.868. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Object has very strong H_alpha emission, being about 1.6 mag brighter in a broadband H_alpha filter than other field stars with the same R-band magnitude. Discovery reported to CBAT on 11/29/04. Independent discovery by Marco Fiaschi, Dario Tiveron, and Francesco Di Mille (see M31N 2004-07a, above). An image of the same field taken with an H_alpha filter on July 7 showed nothing at this position (limiting mag 18). Discovery reported to CBAT on 12/1/04. (2004-11f) Discovered by Fiaschi, Tiveron, and De Mille (see M31N 2004-07a, above). Additional H_alpha magnitudes: 2004 July 7, [18; Dec. 7.712, 18.5:. (2004-12a) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) on co-added 600-sec R-band frames; confirmed on co-added 1040-sec R-band images taken on Dec. 30.767 UT. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2004 Dec. 18.068 UT, [22 (3.5-m WIYN telescope image obtained by P. Garnavich); 21.856, 19.2 (prediscovery); 30.730, 16.8; 30.767, 16.9; 2005 Jan. 6.793. 18.1; 7.891, 18.1; 9.724, 18.3; 9.926, 18.4; 10.776, 18.5; 11.719, 18.4; 13.712, 18.8; 15.702, 18.6; 15.924, 18.8; 16.900, 18.8; 23.734, 19.4:; 5.731, 19.7. (2005-01a) Discovery report published on IAUC 8461. Spectroscopic confirmation published on IAUC 8462. Follow-up photometry published on IAUC 8479. (2005-02a) Discovery by Marco Migliardi at Col Drusci Observatory with 0.5-m telescope (communicated by A. Dimai) in the course of the CROSS program. Five unfiltered CCD images obtained Feb. 18.77-18.78 UT. Nothing visible at this position on CROSS images taken on 2004 Nov. 9.9 (limiting mag about 18.5). Confirmed on images taken on Feb. 22.75-22.76 at mag 18.0. (2005-05a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and P. Kusnirak on seven 120-sec R-band images taken with the Ondrejov Observatory 0.65-m reflector (+ AP7p CCD camera). R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: Jan. 2.821 UT, [19.8; Mar. 20.765, [19.0:; May 16.066, 17.2; 18.461, 18.42 (VATT image from P. Garnavich and B. Tucker); 19.452, 18.35 (Garnavich and Tucker); 20.042, 18.4 (image taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov by Hornoch); 21.039, 18.4 (Hornoch). This object shows very strong H_alpha emission, because is about 1.6 mag brighter in S-Vilnius filter than other field stars with the same R-band magnitude. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2005-05b) Discovery by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a), P. Garnavich, and B. Tucker on co-added 420-sec R-band and 240-sec S-Vilnius-band CCD frames taken with the 1.83-m Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope at Mt. Graham. Nothing visible on archival images from years 2003-2004 down to R = 22. Strong H_alpha emission. Additional R-band magnitudes: 2004 Oct. 10.302 UT, [22; 2005 Feb. 4.172, [21.5; May 18.461, 20.2 (poor conditions). (2005-06a) Discovery by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and D. Mackey on six co-added 120-sec R-band and two co-added 300-sec H_alpha CCD frames taken by D. Mackey with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) at La Palma. Nothing visible on archival images from the years 2003-2004 down to mag R = 22. Independent discovery by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan; communicated via Syuichi Nakano, Sumoto, Japan) on six unfiltered CCD survey frames taken on June 17 with a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector; nothing visible at this location on a frame taken by Itagaki on June 8.704 (limiting red mag 19.0). Additional R-band magnitudes reported by Hornoch: 2004 Dec. 18.068 UT, [22 (3.5-m WIYN telescope R-band image obtained by P. Garnavich); 2005 June 6.443, [20.8 (2.1-m Kitt Peak telescope image obtained by B. Mueller); 14.181, 17.7. H_alpha magnitudes: 2000 Aug. 6.233, [20 (2.5-m INT H_alpha image obtained by D. Carter); 2005 June 14.195, 17.6. (2005-06b) Discovery by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and D. Mackey on six co-added 120-sec R-band and two co-added 300-sec H_alpha CCD frames taken by D. Mackey with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) at La Palma. Nothing visible on archival images from the years 2003-2004 down to mag R = 22. Additional R-band magnitudes reported by Hornoch: 2004 Dec. 18.068 UT, [22 (3.5-m WIYN telescope R-band image obtained by P. Garnavich); 14.181, 18.1. H_alpha magnitudes: 2000 Aug. 6.233, [20 (2.5-m INT H_alpha image obtained by D. Carter); 2005 June 14.195, 17.3. (2005-06c) Discovered by Marco Fiaschi, Luca Corona, Norman Stefani, and Ebrahim Amini Biparva at the Astronomical Observatory 'G. Colombo' near Padova, Italy, on CCD images taken with a 41-cm f/4.84 Newtonian reflector and through an H_alpha filter (6.3-nm FWHM). Independent discovery by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and N. Walton on Sloan r-band CCD frames taken by Walton with the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope (INT) at La Palma; nothing visible at this location on archival images from the years 2003-2004 down to mag R = 22. Additional R-band magnitudes reported by Hornoch: 2004 Dec. 18.068 UT, [22 (3.5-m WIYN telescope R-band image obtained by P. Garnavich); 2005 June 14.181, [20.5 (2.5-m INT R-band image obtained by D. Mackey); 24.198, 17.25. Z. Kereszty (Gyorujbarat, Hungary) reports the following magnitudes obtained on July 17.916: V = 17.7, R = 17.6. (2005-07a) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a, above) on co-added 920-sec R-band frame. Additional R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: July 2.347 UT, [21.7 (image obtained by T. Farnham using 4-m Mayall telescope at Kitt Peak); 12.993, [19.5 (image obtained by P. Kusnirak at Ondrejov); 23.929, [19.0; 27.909, 18.4; 29.919, 17.4. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2005-09a) Discovered by Federico Manzini (Stazione Astronomica di Sozzago, Novarra, Italy) in the course of the SAS Supernova Search with the 0.4-m telescope on five unfiltered CCD images taken on Sept. 13.9 (precise position measured by Raoul Behrend, Geneva Observatory). Images taken on Sept. 14.1 by Roberto Crippa (Tradate, Italy), confirm the presence of the new object. SAS images of M31 taken on Aug. 7.9, 9.9, and 12.9 show nothing at the position of the apparent nova (limiting mag about 19.0). H. Yamaoka (Kyushu University) reports the following prediscovery red magnitudes from CCD frames taken by K. Itagaki: Sept. 9.560, [19.0; 13.533, 17.4; 13.534, 17.3. Evgeni Ovacharov (Astronomy Department, Sofia University) reports his astrometry, offsets, and magnitude (tabulated above) from four CCD frames taken with the 50-cm Schmidt telescope at NAO Rozhen, Bulgaria. (2005-09b) Discovered by R. Quimby, P. Mondol, P. Hoeflich, and J. C. Wheeler, University of Texas; and C. Gerardy, Imperial College, on unfiltered CCD images taken with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at the McDonald Observatory. Approximate magnitudes: Aug. 31.23 UT, [18.7, Sept. 1.23, 18.0; 2.23, 16.5; 15.19, 17.1. D. C. Leonard, California Institute of Technology, reports that a CCD spectrum obtained at the 5-m Palomar Hale telescope (+ double spectrograph in polarimetry mode; range 470-900 nm) on Sept. 7 UT shows several features characteristic of a young nova entering the early nebular phase, such as strong Balmer emission lines lacking P-Cyg absorption, Na I 589.4-nm, and several strong Fe II emission lines (including those at 492.3 and 501.8 nm). He I features are weak or absent. The FWHM of H-alpha is 4400 km/s. The observed line peaks are blueshifted from the rest wavelengths by about -700 km/s, making an association with M31 plausible. (2005-09c) Discovered by R. Quimby et al. (see M31N 2005-09b, above). Additional approximate ROTSE-IIIb magnitudes: Sept. 20.18 UT, [17.6; 23.21, 16.0. Spectroscopic confirmation reported by P. Reig et al. (http://www.astronomerstelegram.org/?read=618). (2005-10a) Dicovered by R. Quimby, M. Sellers, P. Hoeflich, J. C. Wheeler, and C. Gerardy (see M31N 2005-09b, above). Additional approximate ROTSE-IIIb magnitudes: Oct. 10.15, [17.3; 12.12, 16.2. Discovered independently by Marco Fiaschi, Fiorangela La Forgia, and Elisa Portaluri (see M31N 2005-06c, above). (2005-10b) Discovered by Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and M. Wolf on co-added 900-sec R-band frame taken by M. Wolf. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: Oct. 9.362 UT, [21 (image taken by P. Garnavich and C. Kennedy using 1.83-m VATT at Mt. Graham); 14.808, [18.8; 16.816, 17.6; 19.735, 17.9; 26.781, 17.9; 26.824, 18.2 (image taken by M. Wolf at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-01a) Discovered by R. Quimby, F. Castro, M. Sellers, P. Hoeflich, E. L. Robinson, and J. C. Wheeler, University of Texas; and A. Shafter, San Diego State University (see M31N 2005-09b, above). Additional approximate ROTSE-IIIb magnitudes: 2005 Dec. 31.08 UT, [17.8; 2006 Jan. 9.08, 16.9; 14.08, 15.9; 19.09, 17.0. The object increased irregularly in brightness for ten days to Jan. 14, its light curve suggestive of either a nova or a bright, unusual variable star such as a luminous blue variable. (2006-02a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) and M. Wolf on co-added 600-sec R-band frame taken by M. Wolf with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2005 Dec. 6.227 UT, [22 (image taken by P. Garnavich and J. Gallagher using the 1.83-m VATT at Mt. Graham); 2006 Jan. 29.734, [19.5 (K. Hornoch, Lelekovice, Czech Rep.); Feb. 2.748, 18.0 (image taken by M. Wolf at Ondrejov); 4.764, 19.2 (K. Hornoch, Lelekovice); 4.846, 19.03 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope at La Palma; position end figures measured by Hornoch: 50s.68, 49".9). Nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-04a) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki, Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan, on seven 60-s unfiltered frames taken around Apr. 28.77 UT with a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector (limiting mag 19.5). Nothing was visible at this location on his many past frames including one taken on 2005 Oct. 27 (limiting magnitude 20.5) and on the most recent survey frame from 2006 March 6. Confirming observation on Apr. 29.76 shows the nova at mag 17.0. Communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. [Report received on Apr. 28] Independent discovery by W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); V. Burwitz, MPE and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca (OAM); and J. Rodriguez and A. Garcia, OAM, on rgb and unfiltered CCD images with the "Bradford Robotic Telescope Galaxy" (365-mm f/11 Schmidt-Cassegrain reflector + 0.67 focal reducer and FLI MaxCAM ME2 camera with 1000 x 1000 pixels) at the Tenerife Observatory. Additional magnitudes (using R magnitudes from USNO-B1 catalogue): Mar. 12.865 UT, [17.5 (rgb); Apr. 28.263, 16.1; May 7.154, 17.3 (OAM 0.35-m f/10 Schmidt-Cassegrain reflector + SBIG STL-1001 camera). [NOTE: Pietsch's report was received on May 8.] (2006-06a) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki, Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan on ten or more survey frames taken around June 1.74 UT (limiting mag 20.0) using a 0.60-m reflector + unfiltered CCD (communicated by S. Nakano). The star had no motion during 30 min and nothing was visible at this location on his recent survey frames from May 21 (limiting mag 19.5). A CCD frame taken by Itagaki on June 3.7355 shows the new object at mag 17.9 and position end figures 11s.77, 44".7. (2006-06b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a), P. Kusnirak and P. Garnavich et al. a on co-added 1380-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov and on a co-added 180-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 1.83-m VATT at Mt. Graham. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2005 Dec. 6.227 UT, [22 (image taken by P. Garnavich and J. Gallagher using 1.83-m VATT at Mt. Graham); 2006 Jan. 29.734, [19.5 (K. Hornoch, Lelekovice); Feb. 4.846, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using the 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope at La Palma); May 14.065, 18.5 (K. Hornoch, Ondrejov, prediscovery); June 6.018, 18.6 (image taken by P. Kusnirak, Ondrejov); 6.467, 18.84 (image taken by P. Garnavich et al., 1.83-m VATT at Mt. Graham). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-08a) Discovered by K. Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan, 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector) on unfiltered CCD images (communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan). Position given as R.A. = 0h44m32s.45 +/- 0s.02, Decl. = +41o35'42".8 +/- 0".2 (equinox 2000.0). Itagaki provides the following additional unfiltered magnitudes for the apparent nova: Aug. 6, [19.3; 13, [18.7; 16.518, 18.0; 19.568, 17.2; 20.575, 17.3; 24.585, 19.0; Sept. 15.584, 18.3. (2006-09a) Discovered by K. Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan, 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector) on unfiltered CCD images (communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan). Position given as R.A. = 0h42m33s.16 +/- 0s.02, Decl. = +41o10'06".8 +/- 0".1 (equinox 2000.0). Itagaki provides the following unfiltered magnitudes for the apparent nova: Sept. 1.588 UT, [20.0; 3.5161, 16.5; 3.5202, 16.4; 3.5384, 16.3; 3.5505, 16.2; 3.5631, 16.1; 3.5768, 16.0; 3.5976, 16.1; 3.6497, 16.2; 3.7915, 16.3; 3.7998, 16.4; 4.4994, 17.2; 4.5381, 17.3; 4.7858, 17.4; 5.5678, 17.8; 5.7057, 17.9; 5.7540, 18.0; 5.7580, 18.1. K. Kadota (Ageo, Saitama-ken, Japan) reports position end figures 33s.16, 07".0, and unfiltered CCD mag 16.2, from an image taken on Sept. 3.6606 with a 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector. Details on CBET 615. (2006-09b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) on co-added 360-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice, Czech Republic; apparent nova is visible on single 60-sec images used for co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 June 6.467 UT, [21.1 (P. Garnavich and A. Karska, 1.83-m VATT at Mt. Graham); Sept. 13.066, [20.0 (M. Wolf, 0.65-m reflector at Ondrejov); 14.876, 17.0 (K. Hornoch, 0.35-m reflector at Lelekovice). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Independent discovery by Vadim Burwitz, W. Pietsch, A. Stefanescu, and F. Schrey, Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik; with D. Hatzidimitriou, P. Reig, G. Papamastorakis, Department of Astrophysics, University of Crete, on four 75-sec R-filtered CCD images obtained at the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory, Crete, Greece using the Roper CCD Camera (with a SITE 1000x1000 chip). Positional uncertainty given as 0".11. A previous image from 2006 Sept. 14.0465 UT shows no object at the position of the nova (limiting magnitude 18.8); magnitudes are from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Massey M31 catalogue. (2006-09c) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on eight frames taken around 2006 Sept. 18.583 UT with 30- to 60-sec exposures (limiting magnitude 20.0) using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector + unfiltered CCD. Additional CCD magnitudes from Itagaki: Sept. 15.53, [20.0; 18.806, 16.5. K. Kadota (Ageo, Saitama-ken, Japan) reports that an unfiltered CCD image taken with a 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector on Sept. 18.6476 shows the new object at mag 16.8 and position end figures 42s.36, 46".0 (limiting mag 18.1; magnitudes from Tycho-2 Catalogue). Itagaki's measures of his Sept. 18.806 image yields position end figures 42s.39, 45".5. Above information on 2006-09c from Japanese observers all communicated (forwarded) by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). Independently discovered by R. Quimby (University of Texas) from unfiltered CCD images taken on Sept. 18.14 UT with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at the McDonald Observatory. The new object was not detected in ROTSE-IIIb data from Sept. 12.45 (limiting mag about 16.9). A finding chart for the transient can be found at: http://grad40.as.utexas.edu/~quimby/tss/charts/nova9.png (2006-10a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a) on co-added 600-sec R-band CCD frames taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice under excellent conditions. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); Oct. 17.830, [20.1 (K. Hornoch, 0.35-m at Lelekovice); 22.751, 19.2 (Hornoch, prediscovery); 25.812, 18.7 (Hornoch); 25.970, 18.6 (P. Kusnirak, 0.65-m reflector at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-10b) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan; communicated via S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan, on Oct. 31 UT) on his unfiltered CCD frames taken around Oct. 31.583 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector (limiting magnitude 20.5). Nothing visible at this location on Itagaki's image from Oct. 30.530 (limiting mag 20.0). Itagaki adds that the apparent nova faded to mag 17.5 by Nov. 1.424 (when he measured position end figures 27s.47, 09".9). Independently discovered by R. Quimby and F. Castro (University of Texas) on unfiltered CCD images taken around Oct. 31.09 (at mag about 16.4) and Nov. 1.08 UT (at mag about 16.7) with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at the McDonald Observatory; nothing visible at this position in ROTSE-IIIb data from Oct. 29.08 (limiting mag about 17.3). A finding chart for the transient can be found at: http://grad40.as.utexas.edu/~quimby/tss/charts/nova11.png (communicated to the CBAT on Nov. 1 UT). [reported anonymously] (2006-11a) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan; communicated via S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan) on unfiltered CCD frames taken with a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector. Additional magnitudes by Itagaki: Nov. 21.657 UT, [19.5; 24.668, 17.9 (prediscovery); 25.494, 17.4. Itagaki provides position end figures 56s.81, 18".5 from his Nov. 24 image, and 56s.79, 18".6 from his Nov. 25.494 image. K. Kadota (Ageo, Japan, 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector + unfiltered CCD) reports mag 17.3 on Nov. 25.627, with position end figures 56s.78, 18".6. (2006-11b) Discovered A. Riffeser (University Observatory, Munich) and S. Geier on three 300-sec R-filtered CCD images obtained at the 0.8-m Ritchey-Chretien f/12.4 telescope at Wendelstein Observatory, Germany, using the MONochromatic Image CAmera with a Tektronix (SITe) TK1024 1kx1k chip. Positional uncertainty given as 0".2. A previous image from 2006 Nov. 16.9903 UT shows no object at the position of the nova (limiting magnitude 19.6). Confirming observations by Vadim Burwitz and Wolfgang Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching; and Kirill Antonyuk, Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (CrAO); R-band magnitudes obtained from images obtained by Antonyuk with the CrAO AZT-11 1.25-m telescope: Nov. 18.784, [20.5; 19.739, 18.5; 20.703, 18.7. Position end figures 44s.06, 01".9 (FLI 1024x1024-pixel CCD camera binned to 512x512 pixels; plate scale 0".69/binned-pixel). The R-filter magnitudes for each night were determined from the sum of five stacked R-filter images (each 180 sec long, giving a total exposure time of 900 sec); comparison-star magnitudes from the Massey catalogue. (2006-11c) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a), M. Wolf, and P. Zasche on co-added 720-sec R-band CCD frames taken by M. Wolf and P. Zasche with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. R-band magnitudes measured by Hornoch: 2006 Nov. 8.824 UT, [19.8 (observer Hornoch, 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice); 15.796, [19.8 (Lelekovice); 30.808, 17.3 (M. Wolf and P. Zasche, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); Dec. 1.885, 18.1 (P. Kusnirak, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-12a) Discovered by Arno Riffeser, S. Wilke, and C. Ries (University Observatory, Munich) on two 300-sec R-band CCD images obtained by Wilke and Ries at the 0.8-m Ritchey-Chretien f/12.4 telescope at Wendelstein Observatory (Germany) using the MONochromatic Image CAmera with a Tektronix (SITe) TK1024 1000x1000 chip with 24-micron-square pixels; positional uncertainty given as 0".1. Additional R-band magnitudes for the apparent nova: 2006 Dec. 14.88 UT, [21.7; 15.943, 19.6. Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see notes for M31N 2004-03a, above) on co-added 660-sec R-band CCD frame (the apparent nova is visible also on single 60-sec images used for co-added image) taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); Dec. 14.712, [20.2 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-12b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see M31N 2004-03a, above) on a co-added 2100-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); Dec. 14.712, [20.2 (Hornoch, 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice); 23.674, 18.8 (Hornoch; prediscovery); 27.722, 18.0 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-12c) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 2100-sec and 780-sec R-band CCD frames taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell, 2.5-m INT at La Palma); Dec. 14.712, [19.9 (K. Hornoch, 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice); 23.674, [19.0 (Hornoch); 26.857, 17.6 (Hornoch); 27.722, 17.7 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2006-12d) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 2100-sec and 780-sec R-band CCD frames taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell, 2.5-m INT at La Palma); Dec. 14.712, [19.9 (K. Hornoch, 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice); 23.674, [19.0 (Hornoch); 26.857, 17.6 (Hornoch); 27.722, 17.5 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Position apparently identical with that of M31N 2006-11b; possible re-brightening of that object? (2007-01a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 1740-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice; visible on single 60-s images used for the co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch, from his own images unless otherwise noted: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); Dec. 23.674, [19.9; 26.825, [20.1; 2007 Jan. 14.694, 18.4 (prediscovery); 14.726, 18.3 (prediscovery); 20.881, 17.5; 21.831, 17.0. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. E. Ovcharov and A. Valcheva, Astronomy Department, Sofia University, report the precise position and magnitude tabulated above from an R-band 300-sec CCD frame taken with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope at NAO Rozhen, Bulgaria. (2007-02a) Discovered by R. Quimby and F. Castro (University of Texas) from unfiltered CCD images taken around Feb. 7.09 (at mag about 17.2) and 8.09 UT (mag about 16.3) with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at the McDonald Observatory. The new object was found by subtracting a co-addition of ROTSE-IIIb images taken between 2004 Nov. and Dec. (limiting mag about 18.8), and it was not detected in ROTSE-IIIb data from 2007 Feb. 6.09 (limiting mag about 17.5). A finding chart for the transient can be found at: http://grad40.as.utexas.edu/~quimby/tss/charts/nova12.png (2007-02b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 480-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice. The new object is well visible on single 60-sec images used for co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Jan. 27.775, [19.9 (K. Hornoch); Feb. 3.798, 16.7 (Hornoch); 9.862, 17.3 (Hornoch); 14.795, 17.5 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-02c) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 1140-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.35-m telescope at Lelekovice. The new object is well visible on single 60-sec images used for co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Jan. 27.775, [19.7 (Hornoch); Feb. 3.798, [19.1 (Hornoch); 9.862, 17.2 (Hornoch); 14.795, 18.3 (Hornoch); 14.815, 18.4 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-02d) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on ten unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around Feb. 24.48 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector; additional magnitudes: Feb. 20.445, [19.0; 22.461, [16.5; 25.402, 17.2. Communicated by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). (2007-03a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on two co-added 720-sec R-band CCD frames taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. The new object is visible very well on single 60-sec images used for co-added images. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Mar. 2.795, [20.0 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); 4.763, 15.8 (Hornoch); 4.774, 15.8 (Hornoch); 5.852, 16.3 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-05a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 960-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. Nova is visible on single 60-sec images used for co-added images. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Mar. 10.764, [20.0 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); 15.767, [19.8 (image obtained by M. Wolf using 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); May. 18.060, 18.5 (Hornoch); 19.060, 18.6 (Hornoch); 19.069, 18.4 (Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-06a) Discovered by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy; Sofia University) on R-band CCD frames taken with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria, via three co-added 300-sec exposures. Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and M. Wolf on co-added 1260-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; the new object is visible on single 90-sec images used for co-added image, but nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Additional R-band magnitudes: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescpoe at La Palma; reported by Hornoch); 2007 Mar. 10.774, [20.3 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m reflector at Ondrejov); May 21.068, [19.5 (Hornoch); June 12.051, [19.5 (Hornoch); 15.012, 18.9 (Ovcharov and Valcheva); 16.040, 19.7 (image obtained by P. Kusnirak with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; reported by Hornoch); 19.028, 19.9: (Hornoch). (2007-06b) Discovered by R. Quimby, P. Mondol, and J. Craig Wheeler, University of Texas; E. Rykoff, F. Yuan, and C. Akerlof, University of Michigan; A. Shafter, San Diego State University; and E. Ofek and M. Kasliwal, California Institute of Technology, on unfiltered CCD images taken with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at the McDonald Observatory. The nova is coincident with the catalogued globular cluster in M31 known as Bol 111. Also imaged at mag 16.9 on June 21.4 UT; estimated astrometric uncertainty +/- 0".3 in each coordinate. Photometry from the Palomar 1.52-m telescope indicates that the source (including light from the globular cluster) faded in the i band by 0.24 mag between June 21.374 and 22.469. A spectrum (range 420-890 nm) obtained on June 22.44 with the 9.2-m Hobby-Eberly Telescope (+ Marcario Low-Resolution Spectrograph) by M. Shetrone and V. Riley shows that the object is a nova: Broad emission features including H-alpha (HWZI about 3100 km/s), H-beta, and H-gamma were detected, and the presence of N III 464.0-nm, blended with He II 468.6-nm, suggests membership in the He/N class of novae. The lines are blueshifted by about 400 km/s, consistent with the lineshift observed for Bol 111. A finding chart can be found at http://grad40.as.utexas.edu/~quimby/tss/charts/nova13.png (2007-07a) Discovered by D. Hatzidimitriou, Department of Astrophysics, University of Crete (UC); V. Burwitz, S. Duscha, G. Kanbach, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; and P. Reig and G. Papamastorakis, UC, on four consecutive dithered R-filter CCD images obtained on July 5 with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory (Crete, Greece) using the Roper CCD camera (with a SITE 1000-by-1000 chip). The position uncertainty is given as +/- 0".1. The magnitudes by Hatzidimitriou et al. are from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Massey M31 catalogue. R-band magnitudes: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m Isaac Newton Telescope at La Palma); 2007 June 24.028, [20.3 (image obtained by P. Kusnirak using 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov Observatory); July 3.037, [19.9 (Hatzidimitriou et al.; stacked image); 5.0481, 16.7 (Hatzidimitriou et al.); 5.0497-5.0528, 16.6 (Hatzidimitriou et al.); 6.989, 17.8 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov Observatory). (2007-07b) Discovered by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy, Sofia University) on three co-added 300-sec R-band exposures obtained with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. Confirmed with prediscovery observations by a group including D. Hatzidimitiou, Department of Astrophysics, University of Crete (UC); Wolfgang Pietsch, V. Burwitz, A. Stefanescu, and H. Steine, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterr. Physik, Garching; and P. Reig and G. Papamastorakis, UC, as part of a monitoring campaign of the M31 central region for optical nova candidates, using the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory, Crete, with a Roper CCD Camera (SITE 1000x1000 chip with 24-micron-square pixels) and standard Johnson-R and broad (75-Angstroem) H_alpha filters. The object's identity as a nova is confirmed, as it shows up as a bright H_alpha source. The following magnitudes are determined from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Massey M31 catalogue for both the H_alpha and R images: July 8.053, [H_alpha] = 18.0 +/- 0.3; July 9.058, R = [18.4; July 10.042, [H_alpha] = 17.5 +/- 0.2; July 11.010, R = 17.7 +/- 0.1; July 11.042, [H_alpha] = 17.1 +/- 0.1. The object was rising in H_alpha at least 3 days prior to its discovery by Ovcharov and Valcheva. The position above by Hatzidimitiou et al. has an estimated uncertainty of +/- 0".2. Note that the nova appeared to be 0.9 mag brighter in R than reported by Ovcharov and Valcheva for about the same time on July 11. (2007-07c) Discovered by a group including Vadim Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE) and Observatori Astronomic de Mallorca (OAM); D. Hatzidimitriou, Department of Physics, University of Crete (UC); A. Stefanescu, H. Steinle, and W. Pietsch, MPE; A. Manousakis, P. Reig, and G. Papamastorakis, UoC; S. Cikota and A. Cikota, Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra; and S. Sanchez, OAM, on four consecutive dithered R-filter CCD images obtained on July 19.007, 19.009, 19.010, and 19.012 UT (with corresponding R magnitudes of 18.8, 18.7, 18.8, 18.5) at the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory in Crete using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-square pixels). The apparent nova was also detected on three H_alpha images; a stacked image centered at July 19.070 yields a corresponding H_alpha magnitude 18.3. The position above has an estimated uncertainty of +/- 0".1. A stacked image from 2007 July 18.014 shows no object at the position of the presumed nova (limiting R magnitude about 20.5). All magnitudes given are from a photometric solution using R magnitudes in the Massey M31 catalogue. The apparent nova also appears at R = 18.5 on July 19.094 in stacked, unfiltered images (thirty-two 30-sec frames) obtained with the 0.35-m f/2 reflector (+ SBIG ST-10 CCD camera with a Kodak 2000x1500 chip with 6.8-micron-square pixels) of the Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra, Spain. Discovered apparently independently by Koichi Itagaki, Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan (communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto), on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around July 23.57 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector. Nothing is visible at this location on a frame taken on July 8.68 (limiting mag 19.0). A confirming unfiltered CCD image was obtained on July 23.682 by K. Kadota (Ageo, Saitama-ken) with a 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector; photometry via Tycho-2 catalogue. (2007-07d) Discovered by W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); V. Burwitz, MPE and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca (OAM); D. Hatzidimitriou, Department of Physics, University of Crete (UC); H. Steinle, MPE; A. Slowikowska, UC; A. Stefanescu, MPE; P. Reig and G. Papamastorakis, UC; S. Cikota and A. Cikota, Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra; S. Sanchez, OAM; and F. Haberl, G. Sala, and J. Greiner, MPE, on images obtained at the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory, Crete, Greece, using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD camera (with a Marconi 2000 x 2000 chip with 13.5-micron-sq. pixels) and a Johnson standard R filter (four 100-s stacked images) and a broad H-alpha filter (three 300-s stacked images). Astrometry measurement with estimated uncertainty of 0".2. Additional R-band magnitudes for the apparent nova: July 22.072 UT, [19.7; 25.942, 19.1; 26.972, 18.8; 28.084, 18.6. U-band magnitudes: July 28.097, 18.3; 29.101, 17.6. H-alpha magnitudes: July 19.070, [18.7; 29.071, 17.4. All these magnitudes are from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Massey M31 catalogue. Unfiltered magnitudes from 240-s images obtained with a 0.45-m f/2.8 reflector (+ SBIG STL-11000E CCD camera; 3008 pixels x 2674 pixels, each 9 x 9 microns square) at the Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra, Spain: July 28.097, 18.3; 29.101, 17.6 (photometric solution based on USNO-B1.0 catalogue). Magnitudes with the Swift UVOT from approximately-1600-s UVW2-filter images: July 18.91, [20.9 (3-sigma); 24.19, [20.23 (3-sigma); 25.56, 20.10 +/- 0.30; 26.46, 20.23 +/- 0.31; 27.50, 20.08 +/- 0.28; 28.50, 20.15 +/- 0.33. (2007-07e) Discovered by Vadim Burwitz and his group [see 2007-07d, above] on R-band images with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope (+ Andor DZ436-BV CCD camera; 2000 x 2000, 13.5-micron x 13.5-micron pixels) at Skinakas Observatory; the Massey catalogue R-band data were used for the photometric and astrometric solutions. Additional R-band magnitudes for 2007-07e: July 28.072, 17.3; 29.014, 17.2. Unfiltered thirty-one 60-sec stacked images were obtained at the Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra, Spain, with the 0.35-m f/2.0 telescope (+ ST-10XME CCD camera; 2100 x 1500, 6.8-micron x 6.8-micron pixels); USNO-B1 catalogue R-band data used for the photometric and astrometric solutions on July 26.940 (mag 16.8). Unfiltered 240-sec images were also obtained with a 0.45-m f/2.8 reflector (+ STL-11000M CCD camera; 4000 x 2700, 9-micron x 9-micron pixels); the USNO-B1 catalogue R-band data were again used for the photometric and astrometric solutions for July 28.097 (mag 16.4) and July 29.101 (mag 16.9). (2007-08a) Discovered by R. Quimby, F. Castro, and J. C. Wheeler, University of Texas; and F. Yuan and C. Akerlof, University of Michigan, on unfiltered CCD images taken around Aug. 6.3 UT (at mag about 18.1) with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at the McDonald Observatory. Additional approximate ROTSE-IIIb magnitudes for 2007-08a: July 25.44, [18.5; Aug. 8.3, 17.6; 9.33, 18.6. A finding chart for 2007-08a can be found at URL http://grad40.as.utexas.edu/~quimby/tss/charts/nova14.png. (2007-08b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on a co-added 900-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; the apparent nova is visible on single 180-sec images used for the co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.5-m INT at La Palma); 2007 July 7.006, [20.0 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m at Ondrejov); Aug. 14.969, 19.4 (Hornoch); 17.844, 19.6 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-08c) Discovered by A. Stefanescu, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; D. Hatzidimitriou, Department of Physics, University of Crete (UC); J. Poepsel, S. Binnewies, and H. Ruder, Mount Skinakas, Crete; and G. Papamastorakis, UC, in ten stacked R-filtered CCD images (each with 60-sec exposure) obtained on Aug. 30.018 UT at the 60-cm f/3 Ganymed telescope located at Skinakas Observatory, Crete, Greece, using a STL11000M CCD camera. The object was confirmed at mag 17.7 on CCD images with the same telescope using a broad H-alpha filter (four 120-s stacked images) obtained on Aug. 30.029. The position obtained for the nova has an estimated uncertainty of 0".3. A stacked R image with the same instrumental set-up onb Aug. 24.025 shows no object at the position of the nova candidate brighter than the limiting R magnitude of about 19.2. All magnitudes given are from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the USNO-B1 catalogue. An additional stacked R image (eight 60-s frames) with the same telescope on Aug. 31.038 confirms the nova at mag 17.5. Discovered independently by K. Hornoch and M. Wolf, Ondrejov Observatory, on co-added 840-sec R-band CCD frame taken by Wolf with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. The apparent nova is visible on single 120-sec images used for co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using the 2.5-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Aug. 17.861, [19.7 (Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); 30.987, 17.6 (image obtained by Wolf using 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. F. Di Mille, Department of Astronomy, Padova University; N. Bonhomme, O. Ozdarcan, C. Ruhland, and K. Stoyanov, School of the Network of European Observatories in the North (NEON; cf. IAUC 7664), Asiago; and H. Navasardyan and E. Giro, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, report that a spectrum (range 360-750 nm; 2.7-nm resolution) of M31N 2007-08c, obtained on Sept. 8.94 UT with AFOSC, confirms that this object is indeed a nova; the spectrum shows strong H_alpha and weak H_beta and Fe II (42) lines. The H_alpha line reveals a double-component profile that can be fitted with two Gaussians having FWHM of about 1000 km/s, separated by about 1500 km/s. A similar profile is also visible in the H_beta line. (2007-08d) Discovered by W. Pietsch et al. (see information for 2007-08c, above) on nine stacked 60-sec R-band images (mag 18.7) on Aug. 24.081 and four stacked 120-sec 12-nm H-alpha-filtered images on Aug. 24.093 (mag 18.1) obtained with the 60-cm f/3 Ganymed telescope. Confirming CCD images with the same instrument yielded magnitudes R = 18.1 on Aug. 30.065 (seven 60-sec stacked images) and [H-alpha] = 18.2 on Aug. 30.076 (four 120-sec stacked images). The positional uncertainty was given as 0".3; the apparent nova is located 36'30" west and 46'54" south of the core of M31, in the outer disk of the galaxy. All magnitudes given are from a photometric solution using R magnitudes from the USNO-B1 catalogue. No object is visible at the position of the apparent nova on either the Digitized Sky Survey red image from 1989 Oct. 1 or the Kitt Peak 4-m telescope images of M31 (Field 8) of the "Local Group" survey by Massey et al. (2006, AJ 131, 2478) from 2000 Oct. 2 (limiting R magnitude about 21.5). (2007-10a) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki, Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan, on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around Oct. 5.606 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector; communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Additional magnitudes by Itagaki: Oct. 2.505, [20.0; 5.735, R = 16.3 (position end figures 55s.94, 22".0). Discovered independently by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on five unfiltered CCD frames (limiting mag 19.3) taken around Oct. 5.73 using a 40-cm f/9.8 reflector (again communicated by Nakano). Additional magnitudes from Nishiyama and Kabashima: Oct. 2 and 3, [19; 5.756, 16.7; and nothing visible at this position on the Digitized Sky Survey. Confirming unfiltered CCD images by K. Kadota, Ageo, Japan, were taken around Oct. 5.75 using a 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector. Confirmed by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy) on three co-added 300-sec exposures R-band images obtained with the 50-/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatoryo, Rozhen, Bulgaria, on Oct. 5.868 (R = 16.5) and 6.070 (R = 16.8). Nothing visible at this position on an image from Oct. 5.024 (limiting mag R about 20.0). Discovered independently by Wolfgang Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); V. Burwitz, MPE and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca (OAM); R. Stoss, Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Heidelberg and OAM; A. Updike and D. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, on five stacked 60-sec white-light CCD images obtained with the 30-cm f/9 Schmidt-Cassegrain REMO2 telescope of the Observatori Astronomic de Mallorca (Costitx, Spain) with an SBIG STL-1001E CCD camera. The object was confirmed on R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm telescope (+ E2V CCD 2000x2000 Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System "Super-LOTIS") located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, on two sets of eight, 60-sec stacked images, yielding magnitudes 17.1 and 17.2 on Oct. 6.336 and 6.429, respectively. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Massey M31 catalogue. Nothing is visible at the position of the apparent nova on Super-LOTIS images from 2007 Oct. 4.338 (limiting magnitude R about 19.8). An OAM image from Oct. 7.108 yields R = 17.4 and position end figures 55s.94, 22".1. (2007-10b) Discovered by Vadim Burwitz and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike and D. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, on stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm telescope with "Super-LOTIS" (Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System, with an E2V CCD, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak). In addition to the tabulated position above, they also give position end figures 29s.48, 13".5 (citing an uncertainty of 0".2, though these three positions clearly show greater deviation than 0".2); all magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Massey M31 catalogue. No object is visible at the position of the apparent nova on Super-LOTIS images from 2007 Oct. 12.398 (limiting R magnitude about 19.8). Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and P. Kusnirak on a co-added 900-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov (apparent nova faintly visible on single 90-sec images used for co-added image). R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [22 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.54-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Oct. 8.735, [19.4 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); 13.720, 18.5 (K. Hornoch and P. Kusnirak, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-11a) Discovered by W. Pietsch and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching; A. Updike, Clemson University (CU); P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. Hartmann, CU, on stacked R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm telescope (+ E2V 2000x2000 CCD) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS) located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak. on Nov. 2.28 and 2.37 UT with respective magnitudes of 16.9 and 17.0. Positional uncertainty 0".2. All measured magnitudes are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes from the Massey M31 catalogue. No object is visible (limiting R magnitude about 19.5) at the position of the apparent nova on Super-LOTIS images from Nov. 1.27 and 1.36. Stacked Super-LOTIS images on Nov. 3.27 and 3.35 yield magnitudes 17.6 and 17.7. (2007-11b) Discovered by V. Burwitz and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University (CU); P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, CU, and reported as "a slow optical nova candidate" on eight stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images obtained with the Super-LOTIS set-up at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above). The new object was first clearly detected on Nov. 1.35 at R = 19.3, and by Nov. 9.37 it had brightened to R = 18.9. Estimated uncertainty in the position is 0".3. Nothing visible at the location of 2007-11b on Super-LOTIS images obtained on Oct. 13 (limiting R mag about 19.5). Discovered independently by Evgeni Ovcharov, Sofia University; and Antoniya Valcheva, Institute of Astronomy, on co-added 300-sec R-band CCD exposures taken with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. Additional R-band magnitudes: Oct. 6.070 UT, [20.0:; 6.809, 19.7; 8.853, 18.6. (2007-11c) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan; communicated by Syuichi Nakano, Sumoto, Japan) on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around Nov. 13.44 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector (tabulated position above for Nov. 13.442 is by Itagaki). Nothing visible at this location on a frame taken by Itagaki on Nov. 8.468 (limiting mag 19.3). Unfiltered CCD magnitude estimates for M31N 2007-11c by K. Nishiyama and F. Kabashima using a 0.40-m reflector (communicated by Nakano): Nov. 14.546-14.570, 16.6-16.7; the Nov. 13.55 position tabulated above is an average of four measurements by Nishiyama and Kabashima from these same images. Independently discovered by V. Burwitz, W. Pietsch, and M. Henze, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University (CU); P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, CU, on stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images obtained with Super-LOTIS (see the notes for M31N 2007-11a, above). Additional R magnitudes: Nov. 12.38, [19.5:; 13.38, 17.5. Independently discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a, above) on co-added 450-sec R-band CCD image taken under poor conditions with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; the apparent nova is faintly visible on single 90-sec images used for the co-added image. Additional R-band magnitudes measured by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [21.5 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.54-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Nov. 10.975, [20.1 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); 11.887, 19.7 (Hornoch, prediscovery; co-added 1350-sec R-band image taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov). Nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2007-11d) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on seven 20-sec unfiltered CCD frames taken around Nov. 17.57 UT using a 40-cm f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.1). Nothing is visible at this location on the Digitized Sky Survey. Additional magnitudes for M31N 2007-11d by Nishiyama and Kabashima: Nov. 14.551, [19.2; 16.511, 17.7; 17.569, 16.9; 17.591, 17.0; 17.594, 16.9; 20.385, 14.9; 20.397, 15.0; 20.461, 15.1; 20.599, 15.1; 20.507, 15.3; 21.626, 15.3; 23.537, 15.8; 24.599, 16.0; 25.573, 16.2. The tabulated data above for 2007-11d on Nov. 16 and 17 are by Nishiyama and Kabashima; the tabulated data above for Nov. 19 are by K. Itagaki with a 0.50-m f/6.0 reflector + unfiltered CCD (all data communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan). Announced on IAUC 8898. (2007-11e) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around Nov. 28.39 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector. Additional magnitudes from Itagaki: Nov. 25.372, [19.0; 29.483, 16.6. Position end figures measured from Nov. 29 frame: 47s.75, 03".7. Communicated by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). W. Pietsch et al. (details given as for 2007-12c, below) show M31N 2007-11e at mag 17.7 on Dec. 13.77 UT. (2007-11f) Discovered by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy) in five co-added 300-sec R-band exposures obtained with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory in Rozhen, Bulgaria. Nothing is visible at the position of the apparent nova on images from Oct. 6.070 and Nov. 8.853 UT (limiting R magnitude about 20.0). W. Pietsch, V. Burwitz, and M. Henze, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University (CU); P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, CU, report, on behalf of the Super-LOTIS collaboration, that 2007-11f was covered at the edge of their field-of-view in eight stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images obtained with the Super-LOTIS set-up at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above). The tabulated astrometry above has an estimated uncertainty of 0".3. Nothing is visible at the position of 2007-11f on Super-LOTIS images from Nov. 25.24 and earlier (limiting R magnitude about 18.6). (2007-11g) Discovered by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy) in five co-added 300-sec R-band exposures obtained with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory in Rozhen, Bulgaria. Nothing is visible at the position of the apparent nova on images from Oct. 6.070 and Nov. 8.853 UT (limiting R magnitude about 20.0). W. Pietsch, V. Burwitz, and M. Henze, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University (CU); P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, CU, report, on behalf of the Super-LOTIS collaboration, that 2007-11g was present in many prediscovery eight stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images obtained with the Super-LOTIS set-up at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above), suggesting that 2007-11g appears to be a slow nova. Available Super-LOTIS magnitudes: Oct. 30.38 UT, 18.8; Nov. 1.38, 19.0; 4.32, 18.8; 4.37, 19.2; 5.31, 18.9; 5.37, 18.6; 6.37, 18.5; 7.37, 18.8; 8.37, 18.9; 9.37, 18.7; 10.37, 18.6; 12.26, 18.7; 13.27, 18.8; 14.26, 18.7; 14.34, 18.9; 15.26, 18.7; 15.34, 19.1; 17.26, 18.6; 17.34, 18.8; 18.25, 18.3; 18.34, 18.5; 19.25, 18.9; 19.34, 18.6. The tabulated astrometry above has an estimated uncertainty of 0".3. Nothing is visible at the position of 2007-11g on Super-LOTIS images from Oct. 15.32 and earlier (limiting R magnitude about 19.2). (2007-12a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on eight 30-sec unfiltered CCD frames taken around Dec. 5.52 UT with a 40-cm f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 20.1); mean position from measuring six frames: R.A. = 0h44m03s.52 +/- 0s.03, Decl. = +41o38'41".4 +/- 0".3 (equinox 2000.0). Additional magnitudes from the discoverers: Dec. 5.524, 18.1; 5.531, 18.3; 5.533, 18.2; 5.546, 18.0; 5.563, 18.2; 8.585, 16.7; 8.586, 16.5. Nothing is visible at this location on the discoverers' images from Dec. 3.428 (limiting mag 20.0) and 4.483 (limiting mag 19.7), and nothing is present on the Digitized Sky Survey (no limiting magnitude or bandpass provided). K. Nishiyama and N. Hashimoto, Bisei Spaceguard Center, report that they obtained 60-sec unfiltered CCD exposures with a 1.0-m f/3.0 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.5), yielding position end figures 03s.56 +/- 0s.04, 40".6 +/- 0".6, and magnitude 17.6-17.8; nothing is visible at this location on a Bisei image from Nov. 20 UT (limiting mag 20). K. Kadota (Ageo, Saitama-ken, Japan, 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector) reports position end figures 03s.55, 41".2 and mag 17.8 from an unfiltered CCD image obtained on Dec. 5.666. All the above information from Japanese observers for 2007-12a communicated by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). (2007-12b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on five unfiltered 30-sec CCD frames taken around Dec. 9.53 UT using a 40-cm f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.1). Mean position from measurements of six frames for 2007-12b: R.A. = 0h43m19s.94 +/- 0s.01, Decl. = +41o13'46".6 +/- 0".1 (equinox 2000.0). Nothing is visible at this location on their past frames taken on Dec. 5.529 and Dec. 8.574 (limiting mag 19.6 and 18.9, respectively), and nothing visible on Digitized Sky Survey. Magnitudes for 2007-12b during Dec. 9.528-9.569: 16.1-16.2. An unfiltered CCD frame taken on Dec. 9.638 by K. Kadota (Ageo, Saitama-ken, Japan, 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector; limiting magnitude 19.0) yields position end figures 19s.95, 46".5 and mag 16.3 (noting also that nothing is visible at this position on DSS images). All Japanese data above for 2007-12b communicated by Syuichi Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on a co-added 990-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov, 2007-12b being well visible on single 90-sec images used for the co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2006 Feb. 4.846 UT, [21.5 (image obtained by M. Burleigh and S. Casewell using 2.54-m INT at La Palma); 2007 Nov. 13.047, [19.1 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m reflector at Ondrejov); Dec. 10.734, 17.0 (Hornoch). Nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. W. Pietsch et al. (details given as for 2007-12c, below) show M31N 2007-12b at mag 17.1 on Dec. 13.77 UT. (2007-12c) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around Dec. 14.38 UT using a 0.30-m f/7.8 reflector + unfiltered CCD at his Takanezawa station in Tochigi-ken, Japan; his frame from Dec. 14.638 yields position end figures 09s.58, 07".3, and mag 17.0. Confirmed by K. Kadota (Ageo, Japan, 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector + unfiltered CCD) as tabulated above. Kadota reports that a faint star is visible close to this location at mag 19.6 on Digitized Sky Survey R-band plates from 1986 and 1989, suggesting that this might not be a nova in M31; a fits image from 1989 Oct. 1 (1.22-m Schmidt telescope; poor image) yields position end figures 09s.49, 07".8. All data from Japanese observers for 2007-12c communicated by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). Discovered independently by W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); V. Burwitz, MPE and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca (OAM); M. Henze, MPE; N. Morales, Observatorio La Sagra (OLS); and J. Nomen, OAM and OLS, on three stacked 120-sec unfiltered CCD images obtained with a 0.45-m f/2.8 reflector (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD Camera; 3008 pixels x 2674 pixels, each pixel being 9 microns x 9 microns) at the Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra in Spain on Dec. 13.76. The position for the nova candidate has an estimated uncertainty of 0".2. All magnitudes given were obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes from the USNO-B1 catalogue. No object is visible (limiting magnitude of about 18.0) at the position of 2007-12c on images with the same camera on Dec. 6.78, but it was visible at mag 16.8 on ten stacked 300-sec unfiltered CCD images obtained with a 0.30-m f/2.8 reflector (+ Apogee Alta U16 CCD camera; 4000 x 4000 pixels, with each pixel being 9 microns x 9 microns) at the same site on Dec. 12.95. (2007-12d) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on five unfiltered CCD 30-sec frames taken around Dec. 17.57 UT using a 40-cm f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.2). Six measurements of 2007-12d from exposures taken during Dec. 17.57-18.44 yields position end figures 54s.94 +/- 0s.02, 47".6 +/- 0".5. Nothing is visible at this position on the Digitized Sky Survey. Additional magnitudes for 2007-12d from Nishiyama and Kabashima: Dec. 15.468, [18.1; 16.514, [19.1; 17.575, 16.8; 17.631, 16.4; 17.632, 16.5; 17.633, 16.7; 18.439, 17.7. K. Kadota, Ageo, Japan, provides the above-tabulated position and magnitude for 2007-12d from an unfiltered CCD image taken with a 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector. The above information from Japanese observers for 2007-12d were communicated by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). Discovered independently by M. Henze, V. Burwitz, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike and D. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, on two sets of eight 60-sec stacked R-band CCD exposures obtained with the Super-LOTIS set-up at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above). Additional Super-LOTIS magnitudes for 2007-12d: Dec. 17.19, [18.5:; 18.30, 17.4. Positional uncertainty given as 0".3. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of Massey's M31 catalogue (no reference citation provided, but possibly the same as cited for 2007-08d, above: Massey et al. 2006, AJ 131, 2478). (2008-01a) Discovered by V. Burwitz, M. Henze, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching; A. Updike and D. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, on two sets of stacked (twelve 60-sec) R-band CCD images obtained with the Super-LOTIS set-up at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above, for details). Additional approximate Super-LOTIS magnitudes for 2008-01a: Jan. 19.21 (and earlier), [18.5; 21.21, 17.9. Positional uncertainty stated as 0".3. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of Massey's M31 catalogue (no reference citation provided, but possibly the same as cited for 2007-08d, above: Massey et al. 2006, AJ 131, 2478). An observation made by Arne Rau and Mansi M. Kasliwal (Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology) with the Palomar 60-inch telescope is also tabulated above. (2008-01b) Discovered by F. Yuan, D. Chamarro, and M. D. Sisson, University of Michigan; R. Quimby, California Institute of Technology; C. Akerlof, University of Michigan; and J. C. Wheeler, University of Texas (on behalf of the ROTSE collaboration) on unfiltered CCD images taken with the ROTSE-IIIb telescope at McDonald Observatory (positional uncertainty < 1"). ROTSE-III approximate magnitudes: 2007 Aug. 10, [19.2; Oct. 22, [19.6; 2008 Jan. 16.07 UT, [17.8; 19.11, 17.6; 21.08, 17.3; 22.13, 17.4. The object is not well resolved in the ROTSE-III images, but was clearly revealed by subtracting co-additions of images taken between 2007 Aug. 10 and Oct. 22. A finding chart of the transient can be found at website URL http://www.rotse.net/rsvp/j004453.6+415305/index.html (2008-02a) Discovered by M. Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike and D. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, on twelve stacked 60-s R-band CCD images obtained with the Super-LOTIS set-up at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above, for details). The object is clearly visible on several of the individual 60-s images from Feb. 7; positional uncertainty 0".3. Additional Super-LOTIS R magnitudes: Feb. 6.17, [19.0:; 8.17, 17.0. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Discovered independently by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on seven 30-sec unfiltered CCD frames taken around Feb. 8.447 UT with a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 18.9). Additional magnitudes: Feb. 6.343, [18.8; 7.427, 18.6. Nothing is visible at this position on the Digitized Sky Survey. R-band magnitudes from Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory 0.65-m telescope: 2008 Feb. 8.726 UT, 17.0; 9.758, 16.9. (2008-02b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on seven 30-s frames taken around Feb. 13.436 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (+ unfiltered CCD; limiting magnitude 19.2); nothing visible at this position on their frame taken on Feb. 10.474 (limiting mag 18.9) or on the Digitized Sky Survey. Additional magnitudes from Nishiyama and Kabashima: Feb. 12.474, 17.9 (prediscovery; limiting mag 18.7); 16.43, 17.6 (limiting mag 19.7); 17.44, 17.4 (limiting mag 19.4). (2008-03a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-Argenteus, Japan), who reported directly to Vadim Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE) and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca, but not to the Central Bureau; Burwitz sent the CBAT the limited information from Nishiyama and Kabashima, along with a confirmation report from his own group (which includes also W. Pietsch and M. Henze, MPE; and N. Morales, Observatorio La Sagra): Five stacked 120-sec unfiltered CCD images obtained with a 0.45-m f/2.8 reflector (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera; 3008 pixels x 2674 pixels, each pixel being 9 microns x 9 microns) at the Observatorio Astronomico de La Sagra in Spain on Mar. 2.832 UT; the position for the apparent nova has an estimated uncertainty of 0".3. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No object is visible at the position of 2008-03a on images with the same camera on 2008 Feb. 10.78 (limiting magnitude about 18.5). (2008-03b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 900-sec and 1170-sec R-band CCD frames taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. The new object is well visible on single 90-sec images used for co-added images. R-band magnitudes of 2008-03b by Hornoch (unless otherwise noted) with the same instrument: 2008 Feb. 8.726 UT, [20.0; 12.721, [19.8; Mar. 2.746, 19.4: (prediscovery, marginal detection); 2.754, 19.4: (prediscovery, marginal detection); 7.756, 17.7; 7.770, 17.8; 9.752, 18.4; 9.765, 18.4; 10.764, 18.6; May 15.058, [19.4 (P. Zasche); 31.023, 18.8; June 2.029, 18.5; 3.043, 18.6; 11.041, 18.7 (P. Kusnirak). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Martin Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike and D. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, confirm Hornoch's discovery using three sets of ten 60-s stacked R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm Super-LOTIS telescope at Kitt Peak, yielding these magnitudes for 2008-03b: Mar. 4.13 UT, 18.2; 7.13, 17.3; 8.13, 17.1. Additional R-band magnitudes for 2008-03b: June 3.45, [19.0; 6.47, 18.0; 7.47, 17.9. These magnitudes were obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). (2008-05a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on six 30-sec unfiltered CCD frames taken around May 14.794 UT with a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 18.6); communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Nothing is visible at this position on past frames taken on May 6.805 (limiting mag 18.4) and 11.800 (limiting mag 19.1) or on Digital Sky Survey images. Two confirming images on May 15.792 yield mag 18.4. Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and P. Zasche on a co-added 1800-sec R-band CCD frame taken by P. Zasche with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; the apparent nova is very well visible on single 60-sec images used for co-added image. Additional R-band magnitudes for 2008-05a by Hornoch: 2008 Feb. 8.726 UT, [20.0; 12.721, [19.8; Mar. 7.770, [19.6; May 31.023, 17.9. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy) report the astrometry tabulated above R-band magnitudes from three co-added 300-sec exposures obtained with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. Images on May 29.033 UT yield R = 18.4. (2008-05b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) and communicated by S. Nakano (Sumoto, Japan). First found on five 40-sec frames taken using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 17.8). Limiting magnitudes from Nishiyama and Kabashima: May 15.792, [17.9; and 17.775, 18.0. Confirmation also reported by Martin Henze from eight stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images obtained with the Super-LOTIS instrumentation (see 2008-03b, above). Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy) report the astrometry tabulated above R-band magnitudes from three co-added 300-sec exposures obtained with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. (2008-05c) Discovered via the Super-LOTIS instrumentation (see 2008-03b, above) from two sets of eight stacked 60-sec R-band CCD images. Additional magnitudes for 2008-05c: Feb. 1.09, [19.5:; May 16.45, [17.5:; 27.45, 17.5. Positional uncertainty estimated as 0".3. New object located 5'13" east and 3'6" north of the core of M31. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University) and Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy) report the astrometry tabulated above R-band magnitudes from three co-added 300-sec exposures obtained with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. Images on May 29.033 UT yield R = 17.7. Additional R-band magnitude for nova M31N 2008-05c from K. Hornoch, using the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov: May 31.049 UT, 17.5. (2008-05d) Discovered on R-band images via three co-added 300-sec exposures obtained by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University), Antoniya Valcheva (Institute of Astronomy), G. Latev (Sofia University), and B. Petrov (Sofia University) with the 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. Additional R-band magnitudes for 2008-05d: May 29.033 UT, 18.7; June 6.029, 18.1. Henze et al. (details in text for 2008-03b, above) report 2008-05d at R = 17.3 in stacked Super-LOTIS images obtained on June 9.48, adding that this object seems to be a slow nova that still shows a rising luminosity. (2008-06a) Discovered by M. Henze, V. Burwitz, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University; P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, Clemson University on two sets of stacked (eleven 60-sec) Super-LOTIS R-band CCD images (details given in the text for 2008-03b, above) obtained at Kitt Peak. Additional magnitudes: June 9.46 UT, [18.5; 16.46, 17.7. Positional uncertainty estimated as +/- 0".3. Offset 1'14" west and 3'39" south of the core of M31. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Observed to re-brighten by Antoniya Valcheva, Evgeni Ovcharov, and G. Latev (Sofia University) on co-added 300-sec exposures that were obtained on Sept. 1 and 2 with a 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria; also mag R = 18.9 on Sept. 2.0553 UT. Re-discovered by David D. Balam (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria) on mosaic images (limiting r magnitude 21.5) obtained on Aug. 31 with the 1.82-m Plaskett Telescope of the National Research Council of Canada. SDSS-r-band magnitudes: Aug. 30.36 UT, 20.90 (0.20); 31.39, 20.31 (0.06); Sept. 1.35, 20.73 (0.11); 2.35, 20.90 (0.15); Sept. 30.41, [21.5. (2008-06b) Discovered by V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE) and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca (OAM); W. Pietsch and M. Henze, MPE; S. Cikota, Observatorio La Sagra (OLS) and OAM; and F. Violat-Bordonau, OLS and OAM, on ten stacked 120-sec unfiltered CCD images obtained with a 0.45-m f/2.8 reflector (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera; 3008 pixels x 2674 pixels, each 9x9 microns square) at the Observatorio de La Sagra, Spain. The object is visible on all individual images. The position for the apparent nova has un uncertainty of 0".4. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes from the USNO-B1 catalogue. Additional magnitudes: 2007 Dec. 13, [18.0:; 2008 Jan. 6, [18.0:. Also, there is no object brighter than R magnitude 20 within 5" of this positoin in the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue of Massey et al. (2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Independently discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and M. Wolf on a co-added 1350-sec R-band CCD frame taken under poor conditions with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; the new object is well visible on single 90-sec images used for the co-added image. R-band magnitudes by Hornoch: 2008 Feb. 8.726 UT, [20.0; June 3.042, [20.3 (Hornoch); 27.989, 16.4. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Independently discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on five unfiltered 30-sec CCD frames taken around June 30.707 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting mag 19.1). Limiting magnitudes by Nishiyama and Kabashima: Mar. 31.779 UT, [18.3; June 12.736, [18.6. Nothing is visible at this location on the Digitized Sky Survey. (Communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan.) (2008-06c) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on a co-added 3960-sec R-band CCD frame taken under poor conditions with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; the new object is visible on some of the single 180-sec images used for the co-added image. The new object was also on single 90-sec images used for co-added image. Additional R-band magnitudes for 2008-06c by Hornoch: 2008 Feb. 8.726 UT, [19.9; June 3.042, [19.5; 27.988, 19.4; 28.000, 19.5; 29.035, 19.1; 29.992, 19.0; July 1.057, 18.9; 5.060, 18.5 (image taken by P. Kusnirak). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. M. Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike and D. H. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, report that M31N 2008-06c is visible near the detection limit in a Super-LOTIS (explanatory details given in the text for 2008-03b, above) image obtained on June 28.43 UT. Additional Super-LOTIS approximate R magnitudes for 2008-06c: 2008 Feb. 1.09, [19.5; July 6.02, 18.8. The magnitudes were obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). (2008-07a) Discovered at mag R = 18.7 by M. Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; D. Hatzidimitriou, P. Reig, N. Primak, and G. Papamastorakis, University of Crete; A. Updike and D. H. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, on four consecutive dithered, stacked, 100-s R-band CCD images obtained on July 6.04, with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory (Crete, Greece) using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip). The object was already visible at R = 18.3 on twelve stacked 60-s images obtained with the Super-LOTIS robotic 60-cm telescope at Kitt Peak (see information for 2007-11a, above) on June 30.45 UT. The position above has an uncertainty of 0".3; the magnitudes are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Additional approximate R magnitudes for 2008-07a: Feb. 1.09, [19.5; July 6.02, 18.8. Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and P. Kusnirak on co-added 1350-sec R-band CCD frame taken under excellent conditions by Kusnirak with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on July 8.067 UT. The apparent nova is visible on some of the individual 90-sec images used for the co-added image. The new object is faintly visible also on many previous images from June. Available R-band magnitudes for 2008-07a, from images taken by Hornoch with the 0.65-m reflector unless otherwise noted: Mar. 2.746 UT, [19.8; May 31.023, [19.0; June 2.029, 19.0; 3.043, 18.7; 11.041, 19.0; 27.988, 19.1; 29.035, 19.2; 29.992, 18.8; July 1.075, 19.3; 8.067, 19.1 (P. Kusnirak). Nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan, forwards the following unfiltered magnitudes for M31N 2008-07a by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken): July 6.744, 18.5 (limiting mag 19.4); Aug. 8.624, 18.4; 24.745, 18.4; Sept. 8.805, 18.8; 9.636, 18.7; Oct. 3.589, 18.5; 9.679, 18.8; 15.523, 18.2; Dec. 11.474, [18.8; 15.601, 18.8; 16.475, 18.0. They re-discovered the apparent nova on Dec. 16.475 on unfiltered CCD images taken with a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. (2008-07b) Discovered by M. M. Kasliwal, S. B. Cenko, A. Rau, E. O. Ofek, R. Quimby, and S. R. Kulkarni (California Institute of Technology) using the Palomar 1.5-m reflector in the course of their "Palomar 60-inch Fast Transients In Nearby Galaxies" program. Photometric calibration with respect to USNO-B catalogue star magnitudes. Additional magnitudes for M31N 2008-07b, in band g (uncertainty +/- 0.2 mag) unless otherwise noted (negative detections have 3-sigma upper limits): July 18.33 UT, [20.2; 19.32, [20.9; 21.32, [20.2; 22.32, 19.8 (marginal detection); 24.33, 19.0; 26.33, 19.0; 27.33, 19.4; 28.33, 19.5. Magnitudes in the i' band (uncertainty +/- 0.1 mag): July 24.33, 18.2; 26.33, 18.7; 27.33, 18.7; 28.33, 19.0. At the distance of M31, this corresponds to an absolute magnitude of M_g = -5.5 (assuming a distance modulus of 24.76, from B. Tully, personal communication). They add that the nova reached peak magnitudes of g = 19.0 (M_g = -5.8) and i' = 18.2 (M_i = -6.6) on July 24.33; the nova has faded since to g = 20.4 and i' = 19.8 on Aug. 3.33. Kasliwal et al. add that a spectrogram of M31N 2008-07b, obtained with the Double Beam Spectrograph on the Palomar Hale Telescope on Aug. 1 UT, shows bright Balmer emission lines -- H-alpha, H-beta, and H-gamma being observed with gaussian FWHM velocities of 2200, 1850, and 2600 km/s, respectively. In addition, O I (777.3 and 844.6 nm), Mg II (823.2 and 922.6 nm), N I (869.2 nm), the Ca triplet, Na D, and Fe II (42) lines were also observed. Following Williams et al. (1994, reference not provided), they classify this as an "Fe II" nova. Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, reports the following additional R-band magnitudes, from images taken by P. Kusnirak with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov: 2008 July 8.067 UT, [20.6; 28.081, 18.4. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2008-08a) Discovered by M. Henze, V. Burwitz, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; and D. Hatzidimitriou, P. Reig, N. Primak, and G. Papamastorakis, University of Crete, on dithered, stacked R-band CCD images obtained with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory in Crete, using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-sq. pixels). M31N 2008-08a is visible in two different pointings of four images taken on 2008 Aug. 9.96 UT and three images taken on Aug. 9.97; positional uncertainty 0".3. M31N 2008-08a is not visible on Skinakas images from 2008 Aug. 7.97 and earlier (limiting R magnitude of about 18.0 close to the core of M31). R-band magnitudes by K. Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, for M31N 2008-08a, from images taken with the 0.65-m reflector: Aug. 7.048 UT, [20.5 (Hornoch); 14.116, 16.7 (P. Zasche); 19.073, 17.7 (P. Kusnirak); nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2008-08b) Discovered by M. Henze et al., as above for 2008-08a -- visible in two different pointings of four images taken on Aug. 9.96 UT and one image taken on Aug. 9.98. Positional uncertainty 0".3. They note that this object is just 0".4 from the position of nova M31N 1997-10f (Shafter and Irby 2001, Ap.J. 563, 749) according to the M31 nova catalogue of Pietsch et al. (2007, A.Ap. 465, 375; see list at website URL http://www.mpe.mpg.de/~m31novae/opt/m31/index.php ); since Pietsch et al. (2007) give position errors for M31N 1997-10f of 0".2 in R.A. and 0".1 in Decl., the positions of both objects are consistent within the errors. Therefore, this object is considered a recurrent nova candidate. The time lag between the two observed outbursts is 10.77 years. Note that Shafter & Irby (2001) discuss M31N 1997-10f as a possible recurrent counterpart of nova M31N 1926-07c (Hubble 1929, Ap.J. 69, 103; time lag of 71.3 years) using an error box with dimensions of 0'.24 x 0'.20. However, according to the M31 nova catalogue of Pietsch et al., the positions of both novae are 32" from each other, so that -- due to the high density of observed novae close to the core of M31 and the relatively loose selection criteria of Shafter and Irby (2001) -- their interpretation might not be true. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). M31N 2008-08b is not visible on Skinakas images from 2008 Aug. 7.97 and earlier (limiting R magnitude of about 18.0 close to the core of M31). R-band magnitudes by K. Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, for M31N 2008-08b, from images taken with the 0.65-m reflector: Aug. 7.048 UT, [20.5 (Hornoch); 14.116, 17.8 (P. Zasche); 19.073, 19.3 (P. Kusnirak). Nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2008-08c) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 1440-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on Aug. 28.127 UT (the apparent nova is faintly visible on single 90-sec images used for the co-added image). R-band magnitudes from images taken by Hornoch with the 0.65-m reflector: June 28.000 UT, [19.9; July 29.969, [19.6; Aug. 28.127, 18.7; 28.910, 18.1 (co-added 990-s image). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Independently discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on five 40-s unfiltered CCD frames taken around Aug. 28.757 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.3); communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Nothing is visible at the position of 2008-08c on their frames taken on Aug 24.745 (limiting mag 19.3) and 25.757 (limiting mag 19.1) or on the Digitized Sky Survey. Additional magnitudes and astrometry reported by Antoniya Valcheva, Evgeni Ovcharov, and G. Latev (Sofia University) on co-added R-band 300-sec exposures that were obtained on Sept. 1 and 2 with a 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. M31N 2008-08c was also measured at magnitudes R = 16.9 on Sept. 1.8688 UT and R = 17.0 on Sept. 2.0553. (2008-08d) Discovered by F. Yuan (University of Michigan), R. Quimby (Caltech), D. Chamarro (University of Michigan), A. Uecker (Indiana University of Pennsylvania), M. D. Sisson and C. Akerlof (University of Michigan), and J. C. Wheeler (University of Texas) and the ROTSE collaboration in unfiltered CCD images taken with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at McDonald Observatory. The positional uncertainty is < 1", and the nova is estimated to be about 25 kpc from the center of M31. Observations were also obtained with the ROTSE-IIId telescope on Bakirlitepe of TUBITAK National Observatory in Turkey. The nova peaked at mag about 18.1 on Aug. 26.43, decayed to mag about 19.2 on Aug. 30.90, and then rose again to mag about 18.4 on Sept. 5.19; Yuan et al. argue that the fast-evolving, multi-peaked lightcurve is not typical of a nova. Inspection of V-band Isaac Newton Group Archive images taken on 2001 Oct. 16 revealed a possible counterpart, with a crude magnitude estimate of about 23.0; however, the field is relatively crowded and the actual identity is uncertain. A finding chart of the apparent nova can be found at the following website URL: http://www.rotse.net/rsvp/j004548.3+430222/j004548.3+430222.jpg. Spectroscopic observation by Chornock et al. (http://www.astronomerstelegram.org/?read=1708) shows the object to be a classical nova. (2008-08e*) Discovered by David D. Balam (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria) on mosaic images (limiting r magnitude 21.5) obtained on Aug. 31 with the 1.82-m Plaskett Telescope of the National Research Council of Canada. SDSS-r-band magnitudes: Aug. 30.35 UT, 17.57 (0.07); 31.34, 17.17 (0.09); Sept. 1.26, 17.28 (0.09); 29.17, 18.30 (0.08); 30.29, 18.42 (0.10). Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, writes that 2008-08e is not a nova, but some other type of variable star that is visible on numerous archival Ondrejov images; available R-band magnitudes from images taken by Hornoch with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov during the last two years: 2007 Mar. 4.778 UT, 18.1; May 19.069, 19.5; July 7.986, 19.7:; Aug. 14.982, 19.8:; Sept. 9.937, 18.8; Oct. 6.925, 18.4; 13.719, 19.1; Nov. 4.888, 19.5; 2008 Jan. 8.694, 18.9; Mar. 7.770, 19.4; June 27.000, 19.0; Aug. 28.000, 19.2; 31.113, 18.6; Sept. 1.090, 18.8; Oct. 5.104, 19.2. (2008-09a) Discovered by M. M. Kasliwal, S. B. Cenko, A. Rau, E. O. Ofek, R. Quimby, and S. R. Kulkarni, California Institute of Technology (CIT), in the course of their "P60-FasTING" (Palomar 60-inch Fast Transients In Nearby Galaxies) survey. Additional g magnitudes (photometric calibration with respect to the NOMAD catalogue) for M31N 2008-09a: Sept. 12.30 UT, [21.5; 13.18, 19.0 +/- 0.2; 14.18, 18.1. A. W. Shafter, San Diego State University; M. M. Kasliwal, CIT; M. F. Bode and M. J. Darnley, John Moores University, Liverpool; R. Ciardullo, Pennsylvania State University; and K. A. Misselt, University of Arizona, report that spectroscopy (range 410-950 nm) obtained with the 9.2-m Hobby-Eberly Telescope (+ Marcario Low-Resolution Spectrograph) on Sept. 22.4 is dominated by Balmer and Fe II emission features (H-alpha has FWHM about 1500 km/s) superimposed on a flat continuum; the spectrum is typical of an "Fe II"-type nova, approximately a week post maximum. (2008-09b) Discovered by F. Yuan, University of Michigan; R. Quimby, California Institute of Technology; A. Uecker, Indiana University of Pennsylvania; D. Chamarro, M. D. Sisson, and C. Akerlof, University of Michigan; and J. C. Wheeler, University of Texas, on behalf of the ROTSE collaboration, on unfiltered CCD images taken with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIIb telescope at McDonald Observatory. Available approximate magnitudes for 2008-09b from ROTSE-IIIb images: Sept. 20.15 UT, 18.5; 21.15, 18.6. No historical information provided from any prior reference images. A finding chart is posted at website URL http://www.rotse.net/rsvp/j004031.9+410625/j004031.9+410625.jpg (2008-09c) Discovered by M. M. Kasliwal, S. B. Cenko, A. Rau, E. O. Ofek, R. Quimby, and S. R. Kulkarni, California Institute of Technology (CIT), with the Palomar 1.52-m reflectorin the courst of the "Palomar 60-inch Fast Transients In Nearby Galaxies" ("P60-FasTING") project. Available g-band magnitudes for M31N 2008-09c (photometric calibration with respect to the NOMAD catalogue): Sept. 11.39 UT, [21.7 (3-sigma upper limit); 13.39, [21.0 (3-sigma upper limit); 14.16, [20.5 (3-sigma upper limit); 15.36, 19.1 +/- 0.2; 16.16, 17.6. Spectroscopy obtained by Shafter et al. (as described for the text on M31N 2008-09a, above) on Sept. 20.2 displays significantly more-narrow Balmer and Fe II emission lines (H_alpha has FWHM about 900 km/s) arising from a blue continuum. This spectrum is also characteristic of an "Fe II"-type nova, but one closer to maximum light. Independent discovery by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan; communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto) on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken around Sept. 22.54 and 22.69 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector. Confirmation by K. Kadota (Ageo, 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector; limiting mag 18.7; magnitude measured using Tycho-2 catalogue reference stars). Additional unfiltered CCD magnitude for M31N 2008-09c supplied by Nakano: Sept. 8.649, [19.7 (K. Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken; and F. Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken; 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector) 9.586, [19.5 (Itagaki); 9.649, [19.4 (Nishiyama and Kabashima); 19.567, 16.7 (Nishiyama and Kabashima; independent discovery); 21.635, 17.3 (Nishiyama and Kabashima). Kadota notes that nothing is visible at the position of 2008-09c on the Digitized Sky Survey. (2008-10a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on six 40-s unfiltered CCD frames taken around Oct. 7.711 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.7). Additional magnitudes from Nishiyama and Kabashima: Oct. 1.629, [19.7; 2.618, [19.8; 8.530, 17.1. Nothing is visible at the position of M31N 2008-10a on an infrared Digitized Sky Survey image. Communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. (2008-10b) Discovered by M. Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; and D. Hatzidimitriou, P. Reig, N. Primak, and G. Papamastorakis, University of Crete, on four consecutive dithered, stacked R-band CCD images obtained on Oct. 18.91 UT with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory on Crete, using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chips). The apparent nova was already visible on several earlier images obtained with the same telescope and camera, as indicated by the following R-band magnitudes: Oct. 6.11, 19.1; 16.10, 18.7; 18.08, 18.6. The apparent nova is also clearly visible at mag 18.2 on H-alpha images obtained at Skinakas Observatory with the same telescope and camera (+ broad 7.5-nm H-alpha filter) on Oct. 18.97. All magnitudes were obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue. No object is visible (limiting R magnitude of abiyt 20.0) at the position of the apparent nova on Skinakas images from Sept. 24.05 and earlier. Discovered independently by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) at mag 18.2 on five 120-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting mag 19.4) taken on Oct. 19.698 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector; communicated by Syuichi Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Additional magnitude for 2008-10b: Oct. 16.604, [19.3; 17.542, [19.0; 20.485, 17.6. Nothing is visible at this position on a U.K. Schmidt Telescope infrared plate (via Digitized Sky Survey); however, there are three nearby stars with position end figures 02s.33, 13".0 (magnitude V = 22.0); 02s.35, 12".7 (V = 21.8); 02s.38, 10".7 (V = 21.7, R = 21.1). (2008-11a) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on numerous unfiltered 40-s CCD survey frames (limiting magnitude 19.5) taken around November 4.43 UT with a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector; communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. An independent discovery on Nov. 4.534 (seven 30-s unfiltered CCD frames with a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector; limiting magnitude 19.9) by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) was also forwarded by Nakano. Additional magnitudes for 2008-11a forwarded by Nakano: Oct. 27.473, [20.5 (Itagaki); 27.610, [20.2 (Nishiyama and Kabashima); 30.540, [20.0 (Nishiyama and Kabashima); Nov. 2.540, [18.2 (Itagaki). Nishiyama and Kabashima add that nothing is visible at the position of 2008-11a on Palomar Sky Survey or U.K. Schmidt plates (via the Digitized Sky Survey = DSS). Confirming images by K. Kadota (Ageo, Japan, 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector + unfiltered CCD camera, limiting magnitude 19.0) was used to confirm that nothing is visible at the position of 2008-11a on a red 1986 plate, a red 1989 plate, and an infrared 1993 plate, via the DSS. M31N 2008-11a was onfirmed by a group including M. Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; and D. Hatzidimitriou, A. Slowikowska, P. Reig, N. Primak, and G. Papamastorakis, University of Crete, on four consecutive dithered, stacked, 100-s, R-band CCD images obtained on Nov. 4.94 UT with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory in Crete, Greece, using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip). Positional uncertainty stated as 0".3; offset 13'34" west and 10'08" south of the core of M31. Henze, Pietsch, and Burwitz, together with A. Updike and D. H. Hartmann, Clemson University; and P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona, report that there is no object visible (limiting R mag about 19.0) at the position of 2008-11a on twelve 60-s, stacked, R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm telescope (+ E2V 2000x2000 CCD; Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System, or Super-LOTIS) at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, on Nov. 3.29. Nothing is detected at this position in Super-LOTIS R-band images obtained on Nov 1.35 (limiting mag about 19.0) and 2.29 (limiting mag about 19.5); these magnitudes were obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, AJ, 131, 2478). Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 900-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on Nov. 4.718 UT under poor conditions (the apparent nova being clearly visible on single 90-sec images used for the co-added image). Nothing is visible at the position of 2008-11a on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002, including an R-band Ondrejov image taken with the 0.65-m telescope on 2008 Oct. 4.840 (limiting mag 19.9). Discovered independently by a group that includes F. Yuan, University of Michigan; R. Quimby, California Institute of Technology; D. Chamarro and M. D. Sisson, University of Michigan; A. Uecker, Indiana University of Pennsylvania; C. Akerlof, University of Michigan; and J. C. Wheeler, University of Texas, on behalf of the ROTSE collaboration, on unfiltered CCD images taken with the 0.45-m ROTSE-IIId telescope located at the Turkish National Observatory at Bakirlitepe, Turkey. Available magnitudes for 2008-11a from ROTSE-IIId and ROTSE-IIIb (in Texas) images: Nov. 4.17 UT, 16.9; 4.84, 16.6; 5.16, 17.1; 5.82 17.4; 6.16, 17.7; 6.83, 17.7. Nothing is visible at the position of 2008-11a in a Digitized Sky Survey image. A finding chart is posted at the following website URL http://www.rotse.net/rsvp/j004132.2+410601/j004132.2+410601.jpg (2008-11b*) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken on Nov. 26.498 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector; communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Nothing is visible at the position of M31N 2008-11b on the Digitized Sky Survey (DSS) to limiting magnitude 21. Available magnitudes from Itagaki for the apparent nova: 2007 Oct. 13.635, [20.5; 2008 Nov. 26.498, 19.0; 26.538, 18.8; 26.548, 18.8; 26.561, 18.6; 26.564, 18.5; 26.565, 18.4; 26.581, 18.2; 28.642, 14.5; 28.643, 14.5; 28.645, 14.6; 28.651, 14.5; 28.663, 14.6; 28.714, 14.7; 28.739, 14.9. Nakano also forwarded measurements by K. Kadota (Ageo, Japan, 0.25-m f/5 reflector + unfiltered CCD); Kadota adds that nothing is visible on a red DSS image from 1989. Above information published on CBET 1588. M. M. Kasliwal et al. report on CBET 1611 that this object appears from spectroscopy to be a foreground cataclysmic variable star in the Milky Way. (2008-11c*) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on unfiltered CCD survey frames taken using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector; communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Additional magnitudes for M31N 2008-11c from Itagaki: Nov. 5.511 UT, [20.0; 28.643, 18.2. Itagaki adds that nothing is visible at the position of 2008-11c on the Digitized Sky Survey. This has been found by Quimby to be a supernova in a background galaxy (cf. CBET 1609). (2008-12a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on nine unfiltered 40-s CCD frames (limiting mag 20.6) taken around Dec. 26.48 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. Additional magnitudes for 2008-12a: Dec. 15.565 UT, [19.4; 16.539, [20.0; 27.493, 19.9 (limiting mag 20.6). Nothing is visible at the position of 2008-12a on Digitized Sky Survey images. (2008-12b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on eight unfiltered 40-s CCD frames (limiting mag 19.5) taken around Dec. 30.452 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. Additional magnitudes for 2008-12b: 2008 Dec. 26.475, [19.6; 29.521, [19.4; 2009 Jan. 2.477, 16.8. Nothing is visible at the position of 2008-12b on Digitized Sky Survey images. There was a previously visible foreground star visible at position end figures 04s.86, 53".0 (V = 22.2, B = 23.4, R = 21.7; from the website http://www.lowell.edu/users/massey/lgsurvey.html). Antoniya Valcheva and Evgeni Ovcharov, Sofia University, report R-band magnitudes for M31N 2008-12b from five co-added 300-s exposures that they obtained with G. Latev with a 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria: 2008 Dec. 30.829 UT, 19.0; 2009 Jan. 1.848, 17.0. K. Hornoch measured the tabulated position and magnitude for 2009 Jan. 8.753 from a 900-s co-added CCD image taken by M. Wolf with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov; another image taken by Hornoch and P. Sedinova on Jan. 16.717 yields R = 17.4 for 2009-12b. (2009-01a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on nine 40-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting magnitude 19.7) taken around 2009 Jan. 28.42 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. Nothing is visible at this position on their past frames taken on Jan. 15.442 (limiting mag 19.7) and 17.464 (limiting mag 19.3) or on the Digitized Sky Survey. The nearest star in the M31 catalogue (http://www.lowell.edu/users/massey/lgsurvey.html) has position end figures 43s.99, 31".2 and magnitudes V = 22.4, B = 22.6, R = 21.8. Communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. (2009-02a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on eight 40-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting magnitude 19.2) taken around Feb. 6.429 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector; communicated by S. Nakano. Additional magnitudes: Feb. 1.446, [19.6; 4.439, [18.9; 7.453, 16.8. Nothing is visible at the position of M31N 2009-02a on the Digitized Sky Survey or the 2MASS catalogue; the nearest star in the M31 catalogue (http://www.lowell.edu/users/massey/lgsurvey.html) has position end figures 43s.86, 38".6 and magnitudes V = 23.7, B = 23.6, R = 22.4. Independently discovery by Evgeni Ovcharov (Sofia University), Antoniya Valcheva (Sofia University), A. Kostov (Institute of Astronomy), and G. Latev (Sofia University) on eleven R-band co-added 300-sec exposures obtained with a 50/70-cm Schmidt telescope (+ SBIG STL-11000M CCD camera) at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. Astrometry and photometry of M31N 2009-02a were obtained by K. Hornoch from 1350-s co-added R-band CCD image taken by himself and P. Sedinova with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. (2009-02b) Wolfgang Pietsch reports the discovery of a possible nova on two sets of eight 60-s stacked R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm Super-LOTIS telescope (described under notes for M31N 2008-11a, above) at Kitt Peak. The object was first detected on Feb. 20.13 and 21.13 UT at magnitudes 18.5 and 18.6. Positional uncertainty 0".3. All magnitudes given were obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue of Massey et al. (2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No object is visible at the position of 2009-02b on Super-LOTIS images from 2009 Feb. 5.15 (limiting mag R = 18.5) and 19.13 (limiting mag R = 18.0). The position of 2009-02b is 4".2 from the position of the slow nova M31N 1997-10f (Hubble 1929, Ap.J. 69, 103), according to the M31 nova catalogue of Pietsch et al. (2007, A.Ap. 465, 375; see http://www.mpe.mpg.de/~m31novae/opt/m31/index.php) and well within the large error circle for this nova; thus this might be a new outburst of nova M31N 1997-10f. A re-analysis of the historical plates could clarify the situation. Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) obtained two confirming 40-s unfiltered CCD images with a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 18.8); forwarded by Pietsch. (2009-05a) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 1620-sec R-band CCD image taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. The new object is visible on single 90-sec images used for co-added image, as well as on unfiltered images taken on May 17.043 and 17.054 UT with the same instrumentation. Additional R-band magnitudes from images taken by Hornoch with the 0.65-m reflector: 2008 June 28.000 UT, [19.8; 2009 Feb. 9.727, [19.7; Mar. 21.759, [18.8; May 18.043, 17.1. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Antoniya Valcheva and Evgeni Ovcharov, Sofia University, report additional data from three co-added 180-sec exposures taken on June 21 by Y. Nikolov and themselves with the 2-m RCC telescope at the Astronomical Observatory at Rozhen, Bulgaria. R magnitude of 18.65 +/- 0.11 was obtained from three co-added 180-sec exposures on July 18 by A. Valcheva, E. Ovcharov, and G. Latev (Sofia University) with the 2-m RCC telescope at the Astronomical Observatory at Rozhen, Bulgaria. (2009-05b) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) on co-added 1620-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. The new object is visible on single 90-sec images used for co-added image, as well as on unfiltered images taken on May 17.043 and 17.054 UT with the same instrumentation. Additional R-band magnitudes from images taken by Hornoch with the 0.65-m reflector: 2008 June 28.000 UT, [19.8; 2009 Feb. 9.727, [19.7; Mar. 21.759, [18.8; May 18.043, 18.5. Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. (2009-06a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on eight 60-s unfiltered CCD frames taken around June 15.72 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.1). Additional magnitudes for 2009-05b: Feb. 1.484, [19.3; May 22.756, 18.8; June 16.707, 17.4. Nothing is visible at this position on the Digitized Sky Survey. A foreground star is located 2".9 away at R.A. = 0h45m45s.81, +42o00'02".9 (equinox 2000.0). Communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. (2009-06b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on nine 60-s unfiltered CCD frames taken around June 30.74 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.3). Nothing is visible at this position on their past frames taken on 2009 June 24.791 (limiting mag 19.3) and 25.737 (limiting mag 19.1) or on the Digitized Sky Survey (POSS2/UKSTU Red and IR) or in the 2MASS catalogue. The nearest star in the M31 catalogue (see website URL http://www.lowell.edu/users/massey/lgsurvey.html) has position end figures 10s.24, 17".6 (2".5 away) with magnitudes V = 22.1, B = 24.0, R = 21.5. The limiting magnitude on their confirming image from 2009 July 1.79 is 19.1. Discovered independently by W. Pietsch, M. Henze, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Liakos, Dept. of Physics, University of Athens; D. Hatzidimitriou, Dept. of Physics, University of Crete; P. Niarchos, Dept. of Physics, University of Athens; G. Sala, J. Jose, and J. Casanova, "UPC-IEEC"; and M. Hernanz and C. Ferri, "CSIC-IEEC", on two sets of 60-s stacked unfiltered CCD images (consisting of ten frames each) obtained a 40-cm Cassegrain telescope with a focal reducer (f/5.1) equipped with a 2184x1472-pixel ST-10XME CCD camera (pixel size 6.8 microns square) at the Athens University Observatory on June 30.045 and July 1.049 UT with magnitudes of 17.7 and 17.5, respectively. The corresponding (first) tabulated position above has a stated accuracy of 0".3. No object is visible (limiting magnitude of about 18.2) on images with the same camera on June 27.048, on DSS2 images, and on images of the local group survey (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). M31N 2009-06b was also discovered on ten 80-s stacked R-band CCD images, obtained with the 80-cm Ritchey-Chretien f/9.6 Joan Oro telescope at Observatori Astronomic del Montsec, owned by the Consorci del Montsec and operated by the Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya of Spain, using a Finger Lakes PL4240-1-BI CCD Camera (with a Class 1 Basic Broadband, coated, 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-sq. pixels) on June 30.114 at magnitude 17.8 (see the second tabulated Pietsch line above; stated precision 0".2). All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue of Massey et al. (2006; op.cit.). (2009-08a) Discovered by W. Pietsch, F. Kaduk, M. Henze, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; and G. Papamastorakis, P. Reig, and A. Strigachev, Department of Physics, University of Crete, on three consecutive dithered, stacked CCD images obtained on Aug. 4.03 with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory on Crete using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-square pixels) and a broad (7,5-nm) H-alpha filter. The object is clearly visible on the three individual images. Magnitudes derived from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Positional uncertainty 0".3; the limiting magnitude at the object's position is 18.5. No object is visible at this position on an R image obtained with the same telescope and camera on 2009 July 24.06 (limiting mag 19.0). Pietsch adds that K. Nishiyama and F. Kabashima sent him the confirming report from Aug. 7.7, made using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector + unfiltered CCD (limiting magnitude = 19.2). R-band magnitude by K. Hornoch from an image taken by A. Galad with the 0.60-m telescope at Modra Observatory: Aug. 20.105, 18.8. Additional R-band magnitudes for M31N 2009-08a from sets of ten 120-s co-added images by Evgeni Ovcharov, Petko Nedialkov, and Nikolai Kacharov, Sofia University; Rumen Bachev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; and Antoniya Valcheva, Sofia University, using the 60-cm Cassegrain telescope of the Astronomical Observatory at Belogradchik, Bulgaria: Aug. 22.012, 18.2; 22.964, 18.2. Additional R-band magnitudes from sets of three 300-s co-added images from Evgeni Ovcharov and Trifon Trifonov, Sofia University; Tsvetan Georgiev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; and Antoniya Valcheva, Sofia University, using the 50-/70-cm Schmidt telescope of the National Astronomical Observatory at Rozhen, Bulgaria: Aug. 25.896, 19.0; 26.080, 19.2. Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, made additional measurements from V-band images taken by A. Valeev, O. Sholukhova, S. Fabrika, A. Medvedev, E. Barsukova, V. Vlasyuk, and W. Pietsch using the Russian BTA 6-m telescope (+ SCORPIO spectral camera) on Sept. 18.0 UT, as tabulated above. (2009-08b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan; and Fujio Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan on five 40-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting mag 19.8) taken around Aug. 9.780 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. Nothing is visible at this position on past frames taken on Aug. 6.753 (limiting mag 19.5) and 7.690 (limiting mag 19.6), or on the Digitized Sky Survey (POSS2/UKSTU red and infrared) or in the 2MASS catalogue; the nearest star in the M31 catalogue (http://www.lowell.edu/users/massey/lgsurvey.html) has position end figures 09s.90, 45".1. Independently discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan; communicated by S. Nakano) on ten or more 30-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting mag 20.5) taken around Aug. 14.527 using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector. Nothing visible at this position on frames taken on 2007 Oct. 9.566 (limiting mag 20.5) or 2009 Aug. 3.629 (limiting mag 19.0), nor on the Digitized Sky Survey (limiting mag 21.0). Confirmed by K. Kadota (Ageo, Japan) using a 0.25-m f/5.0 reflector + unfiltered CCD (limiting mag 19.3); GSC-ACT and Tycho-2 catalogues adopted for position and for magnitude respectively. Apparent independent discovery by Rafael Ferrando, Segorbe, Spain, 0.40-m f/10 Ritchey-Chretien telescope) on forty unfiltered CCD images taken on Aug. 15.10; USNO-SA2.0 catalogue used for measures. On Aug. 15.96, twenty images were taken. Diego Rodriguez (Villalba-Madrid, Spain) reports a tabulated position on Aug. 15.96 from a CCD position taken with a 0.25-m f/10 Schmidt-Cassegrain reflector (USNO-A2.0 catalogue); he posted an image at website URL http://astrosurf.com/blazar/Alertas/NovaRafa.jpg. Angel de la Hermosa (El Boalo, Madrid, Spain, 0.35-m Schmidt-Cassegrain reflector + CCD; UCAC-2 catalogue) provides a tabulated position from a 240-s exposure. F. Pe\~na C. (Atzeneta del Maestrat, Castellon de la plana, Spain, 0.20-m f/6.3 Schmidt-Cassegrain reflector + CCD; USNO-A2.0 catalogue) reports a tabulated position from a twelve exposures on Aug. 16.00. Carlos Segarra Garcia, Algimia de Alfara (Valencia), Spain, reports CCD images taken with a 0.15-m f/5 reflector on Aug. 16.08 and 17.05, tabulated above (USNO-SA2.0 catalogue). P. Rodriguez-Gil, ING, La Palma, Spain; IAC, Tenerife, Spain; and Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife; Rafa Ferrando, Observatorio Astronomico de Segorbe; D. Rodriguez, M-1 Group, Spain; M. F. Bode, Liverpool U.K.; A. Huxor and P. Giles, Bristol, UK; and D. Mackey, Edinburgh, report that an unfiltered 20-s image was taken on Aug. 18.143 UT with the ACAM imager/spectrograph on the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope (La Palma), and a low-resolution, 600-s optical spectrogram of M31N 2009-08b was obtained with ACAM immediately after the confirmation image, on Aug. 18.1485; the VPH400 grism was used along with a 1".5 slit width. The spectrum is dominated by broad Balmer and Fe II emission lines. Typical lines of O I, N I, Mg II, and Ca II can also be seen; the spectrum is characteristic of a Fe II-type nova observed within a few days of maximum. These are generally slow- or moderate-speed types of novae. Additional R-band magnitudes for M31N 2009-08b from sets of three 300-s co-added images by Evgeni Ovcharov and Trifon Trifonov, Sofia University; Tsvetan Georgiev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; and Antoniya Valcheva, Sofia University, using the 50-/70-cm Schmidt telescope of the National Astronomical Observatory at Rozhen, Bulgaria: Aug. 26.080, 19.0; 26.899, 18.9; 27.082, 19.2; 28.059, 19.1; 29.080, 19.2. V-band magnitudes obtained by Ovcharov et al. (same instrumentation): Aug. 27.071, 19.7; 29.093, 19.6. (2009-08c) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a), Ondrejov Observatory, and P. Zasche on co-added 390-sec R-band CCD frame taken by Zasche with the 0.84-m telescope at the Observatorio Astronomico Nacional en San Pedro Martir. The new object is well visible on single images used for the co-added image. R-band magnitudes: June 3.474 UT, [20.2 (O. Pejcha, 1.3-m telescope at MDM Observatory); 6.027, [19.9 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); Aug. 20.105, 17.2 (image taken by A. Galad with the 0.60-m telescope at Modra Observatory, measured by K. Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Confirmed by M. Henze, F. Kaduk, V. Burwitz, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; G. Papamastorakis, and P. Reig, FORTH and Department of Physics, University of Crete; and A. Strigachev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, on consecutive dithered stacked CCD images (limiting mag 18.0), obtained on Aug. 13.1 with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory, Crete, Greece, using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-square pixels) and a broad (7.5-nm wide) H-alpha filter. New object is clearly visible on the individual images. Positional uncertainty 0".3. Photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No objects are visible at the apparent nova's position on H-alpha images obtained with the same telescope and camera on Aug. 4.0 (limiting mag 18.5). Additional R-band magnitudes for M31N 2009-08c from sets of ten 120-s co-added images by Evgeni Ovcharov, Petko Nedialkov, and Nikolai Kacharov, Sofia University; Rumen Bachev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; and Antoniya Valcheva, Sofia University, using the 60-cm Cassegrain telescope of the Astronomical Observatory at Belogradchik, Bulgaria: Aug. 21.022, 17.3; 22.012, 17.3; 22.964, 17.3. Additional R-band magnitudes from sets of three 300-s co-added images by Evgeni Ovcharov and Trifon Trifonov, Sofia University; Tsvetan Georgiev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; and Antoniya Valcheva, Sofia University, using the 50-/70-cm Schmidt telescope of the National Astronomical Observatory at Rozhen, Bulgaria: Aug. 25.896, 17.5; 26.080, 17.5; 26.899, 17.4; 27.082, 17.6; 28.059, 17.5; 29.080, 17.6. Additional magnitudes by Ovcharov et al. (same instrumentation): Aug. 27.071, V = 18.1; 27.074, B = 18.7; 28.065, B = 18.4; 28.073, V = 17.9; 29.090, B = 18.9; 29.093, V = 18.0. (2009-08d) Discovered by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and P. Zasche on co-added 390-sec R-band CCD frame taken by Zasche with the 0.84-m telescope at Observatorio Astronomico Nacional en San Pedro Martir. The apparent nova is well visible on single images used for the co-added image. R-band magnitudes: June 3.474 UT, [20.2 (O. Pejcha, 1.3-m telescope at MDM Observatory); 6.027, [19.9 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); Aug. 20.105, 18.2 (image taken by A. Galad with the 0.60-m telescope at Modra Observatory, measured by K. Hornoch). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Confirmed by M. Henze, F. Kaduk, V. Burwitz, and W. Pietsch, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; G. Papamastorakis, and P. Reig, FORTH and Department of Physics, University of Crete; and A. Strigachev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, on consecutive dithered stacked CCD images (limiting mag 18.0), obtained on Aug. 13.1 with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory, Crete, Greece, using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-square pixels) and a broad (7.5-nm wide) H-alpha filter. New object is clearly visible on the individual images. Positional uncertainty 0".3. Photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No objects are visible at the apparent nova's position on H-alpha images obtained with the same telescope and camera on Aug. 4.0 (limiting mag 18.5). (2009-08e) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on eight unfiltered 60-s CCD frames (limiting mag 19.4) taken around Aug. 26.672 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. A faint image was found of M31N 2009-08e on an exposure from Aug. 25.629 (limiting magnitude 19.5). Additional limiting magnitudes: Aug. 23.799, [19.3; 24.583, [19.1. Apparently independently discovered by Evgeni Ovcharov and Trifon Trifonov, Sofia University; Tsvetan Georgiev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; and Antoniya Valcheva, Sofia University with the 50-/70-cm Schmidt telescope at the National Astronomical Observatory, Rozhen, Bulgaria. All of the derived magnitudes are from three co-added 300-sec images: Aug. 26.080 UT, R = 18.6; 26.899, R = 18.2; 27.082, R = 18.1; 27.074, B = 18.2; 27.071, V = 18.2; 28.059, R = 18.0; 28.065, B = 18.5; 28.072, V = 18.5; 29.080, R = 17.9; 29.090, B = 19.1; 29.093, V = 18.4. Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, made additional measurements from V-band images taken by A. Valeev, O. Sholukhova, S. Fabrika, A. Medvedev, E. Barsukova, V. Vlasyuk, and W. Pietsch using the Russian BTA 6-m telescope (+ SCORPIO spectral camera) on Sept. 18.0 UT, as tabulated above. (2009-09a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki Saga-ken, Japan) on eight 60-s unfiltered CCD frames taken around Sept. 3.752 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.8). Nothing is visible at this position on their frames taken on 2009 Aug. 27.637 (limiting mag 19.1) and Sept. 1.566 (limiting mag 19.4) or on red and infrared Digitized Sky Survey images. M. Henze, F. Kaduk, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Liakos, Department of Physics, University of Athens; D. Hatzidimitriou, Department of Physics, University of Crete; and P. Niarchos, Department of Physics, University of Athens, report that they stacked ten 60-s unfiltered CCD images obtained at the 40-cm Cassegrain telescope with a focal reducer (f/5.1) equipped with a 2184x1472-pixel ST-10XME CCD camera (pixel size 6.8 microns square) at the Athens University Observatory on Sept. 2.078 UT, revealing M31N 2009-09a at mag 17.8, 1.7 days before the discovery by Nishiyama and Kabashima and 0.5 days after their last negative observation, thus strongly constraining the time of outburst of the presumed nova. Additional photometry obtained with the Athens University camera: Aug. 29.033, [19.0; Sept. 3.999, 17.6. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R-band magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, reports a pre-discovery observation on a co-added 900-sec R-band CCD frame taken by himself with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on Aug. 29.990 UT (no additional recent images are available). Nothing is visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Hornoch also made additional measurements from V-band images taken by A. Valeev, O. Sholukhova, S. Fabrika, A. Medvedev, E. Barsukova, V. Vlasyuk, and W. Pietsch using the Russian BTA 6-m telescope (+ SCORPIO spectral camera) on Sept. 18.0 UT, as tabulated above. (2009-10a) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on ten 30-sec unfiltered CCD frames (limiting magnitude 19.0) taken using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector. Nothing is visible at this position on Itagaki's many past frames, including a frame taken on 2007 Oct. 6.51 UT (limiting mag 19.5), or on the Digitized Sky Survey (limiting mag 21.0). The discovery image is posted at the following website URL: http://www.k-itagaki.jp/images/m31.jpg. Four 120-sec unfiltered CCD confirming images were taken by T. Yusa (Osaki, Miyagi-ken, Japan) remotely using a 0.25-m f/3.4 reflector near Mayhill, NM, U.S.A., on Oct. 4.21 (limiting mag 18.5). Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima (Miyaki Saga-ken, Japan) also confirmed the new object on two unfiltered CCD frames (limiting mag 19.1) taken on Oct. 3 using a 0.40-m reflector, adding that nothing is visible at this position on a frame taken on 2009 Sept. 24.645 (limiting mag 20.4). The information in this paragraph was communicated by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, made additional measurements from V-band images taken by A. Valeev, O. Sholukhova, S. Fabrika, A. Medvedev, E. Barsukova, V. Vlasyuk, and W. Pietsch using the Russian BTA 6-m telescope (+ SCORPIO spectral camera) on Oct. 9.861 UT, as tabulated above. (2009-10b) Discovered by Koichi Itagaki (Teppo-cho, Yamagata, Japan) on numerous 30-s unfiltered CCD frames exposed on Oct. 11.414 UT using a 0.60-m f/5.7 reflector (limiting magnitude 20.0); nothing is visible at this position on Itagaki's many past frames, including one taken on Oct. 10.629 (limit mag.= 19.0). The discovery image is posted at the following website URL: http://www.k-itagaki.jp/images/m31-10-11.jpg. Independent discovery by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on seven 40-sec unfiltered CCD frames (limiting magnitude 19.5) taken around Oct. 11.580 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector; nothing is visible at this position on their past frames taken on Sept. 26.617 (limiting mag 19.1) and Oct. 3.596 (limiting mag 18.7), or on red and infrared Digitized Sky Survey images. The nearest star in the M31 catalogue (posted at website URL http://www.lowell.edu/users/massey/lgsurvey.html) has position end figures 20s.67, 43".9 (distance 1".5), with magnitudes V = 22.0, B = 22.7, R = 21.4. T. Yusa (Osaki, Miyagi-ken, Japan) obtained confirming 60-sec unfiltered CCD images (limiting mag 18.9) using a 0.30-m f/8.2 Cassegrain reflector around Oct. 11.57. The information above from Itagaki and Yusa was forwarded by S. Nakano, Sumoto, Japan. Discovered independently by K. Hornoch (see 2004-03a) and P. Kusnirak on co-added 2400-sec R-band CCD frame taken by P. Kusnirak with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov. The new object is marginally visible on single 60-sec images used for co-added image. R-band magnitudes: 2009 June 3.474 UT, [20.2 (O. Pejcha, 1.3-m telescope at MDM Observatory); 6.027, [20.0 (K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); Sept. 30.762, [19.9 (P. Kusnirak, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); Oct. 9.986, 18.8 (Kusnirak). Nothing visible at this position on numerous Lelekovice and Ondrejov images back to 2002. Additional astrometry and photometry was provided by Joel Nicolas (Vallauris, France) from a CCD image taken with a 0.28-m f/6.5 reflector (USNO-A2.0 catalogue used for reference stars). Information published on CBET 1967. (2009-10c) Discovered by P. Podigachoski, M. Henze, W. Pietsch, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck- Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); G. Papamastorakis and P. Reig, FORTH and Department of Physics, University of Crete; and A. Strigachev, Institute of Astronomy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, very close to the core of M31 on three consecutive dithered stacked CCD images (limiting magnitude 18.5) obtained on Oct. 9.08 UT with the 1.3-m Ritchey-Chretien f/7.5 telescope at Skinakas Observatory (Crete, Greece) using an Andor DZ436-BV CCD Camera (with a Marconi 2000x2000 chip with 13.5-micron-square pixels) and a broad (7.5-nm) H-alpha filter. The new object is clearly visible on the three individual images and one additional image taken at Oct. 9.12 at magnitude 17.2 (photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue of Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). The position has a stated uncertainty of 0".3. No object is visible at this position on an H-alpha image obtained with the same telescope and camera on Aug. 30.07 (limiting magnitude 18.5). Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, reports his measured astrometry and photometry from a co-added 2400-sec R-band CCD frame taken by P. Kusnirak with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on Oct. 9.986 UT. Hornoch also made additional measurements from V-band images taken by A. Valeev, O. Sholukhova, S. Fabrika, A. Medvedev, E. Barsukova, V. Vlasyuk, and W. Pietsch using the Russian BTA 6-m telescope (+ SCORPIO spectral camera) on Oct. 9.808 UT, as tabulated above. S. Fabrika, O. Sholukhova, and A. Valeev, Special Astrophysical Observatory; K. Hornoch and P. Kusnirak, Astronomical Institute, Ondrejov, Czech Republic; and W. Pietsch, MPE, obtained low-resolution spectra of 2009-10c on Oct. 9.820 UT with the Russian BTA 6-m telescope (+ SCORPIO spectral camera); spectral range 374-783 nm, resolution 1.25 nm). The nova was at magnitudes R = 17.50 +/- 0.08, V = 17.69 +/- 0.07, and B = 18.06 +/- 0.04 on Oct. 9.806. M31N 2009-10c shows a spectrum like that of the Fe II group of novae with hydrogen and many Fe II emission lines. These lines, as well as Na I D1 and D2, are narrow with P-Cyg absorption components. Ca II H and K lines show only blueshifted absorption components. The spectrum is contaminated by strong background of the core of M31. Equivalent widths of H-beta and H-alpha lines are 3.6 and 13.5 nm; their widths (corrected for spectral resolution) are FWHM = 630 and 600 km/s, respectively. The full-width-at-zero- intensity in H-alpha is 1600 km/s. The heliocentric radial velocity of the H-alpha, H-beta, and Fe II 501.8-nm lines is -530 +/- 15 km/s. The blueshifted absorption components have velocities of -1880 km/s in H-beta, -1180 km/s in Fe II 492.3-nm, -1300 km/s in Fe II 501.8-nm, and -1250 km/s in Ca II K. (2009-11a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan; and Fujio Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan on seven 40-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting magnitude 19.3) taken around Nov. 3.559 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector; it brightened to mag 17.6 by Nov. 4.466. Nothing is visible at the position of 2009-11a on their past frames taken on Oct 29.606 and 30.782 (limiting mag 19.0) or on the Digitized Sky Survey red and infrared images. Announced on CBET 2003. V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik and Observatorio Astronomico de Mallorca (OAM); J. Rodriguez, OAM; S. Holmes, U. Kolb, and R. Lucas, The Open University (OU), write that fifteen stacked 60-s R-filter images obtained with the 0.35-cm f/11 OU/OAM PIRATE Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope (+ SBIG STL-1001E CCD camera) at Costitx, Mallorca, on Nov. 3.865 show the presumed nova at magnitude R = 17.6 (photometric solution using R magnitudes of the USNO-B 1.0 catalogue). Kamil Hornoch, Astronomical Institute, Ondrejov, Czech Republic, reports astrometry and R-band magnitudes from co-added R-band CCD frames taken by himself with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov 2009 Nov. 4.963 and (with M. Wolf) on Nov. 5.721 UT; they obtained R = 17.74 +/- 0.05 on Nov. 5.721. (2009-11b) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan; and Fujio Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan on six 40-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting mag 19.3) taken around Nov. 6.523 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. Additional magnitudes measured for 2009-11b from Nishiyama, from their own frames unless noted "DSS" for Digitized Sky Survey (limiting magnitudes given parenthetically): 1986 Nov. 27, [18.7 (DSS, red); 1993 Oct. 21, [17.9 (DSS, infrared); Oct. 28.645, 29.537, and 30.768 UT, [19.0; Nov. 3.539, 19.0 (19.2); 4.470, 18.7 (19.2); 5.532, 18.6 (19.2); 7.572, 18.2 (19.2). Nishiyama notes that the position of 2009-11b is very near that of M31N 1997-11k (position end figures 39s.59, 04".0; cf. website URL http://www.mpe.mpg.de/~m31novae/opt/m31/M31_table.html), suggesting that 2009-11b may be a re-brightening of 1997-11k. K. Hornoch, Ondrejov Obsrvatory, reports that he measured position end figures 39s.60, 02".9 and magnitude R = 18.6 +/- 0.1 from a co-added 450-s R-band CCD frame taken during software tests by P. Kubanek, J. Gorrosabel, and M. Jelinek with the 1.23-m telescope at Calar Alto on Oct. 31.132. Announcement published on CBET 2015, with additional details there -- including details of a dispute between a photometric group led by M. Henze and spectroscopy by M. M. Kasliwal et al. as to whether this may be a Milky Way cataclysmic variable or a recurrent nova in M31 (via M31N 1997-11k and M31N 2001-12b); photometry argues for the former, while spectroscopy for the latter. (2009-11c) Discovery reported by P. Podigachoski, Wolfgang Pietsch, M. Henze, V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University (CU); P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, CU, on two sets of twelve 60-s stacked R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60-cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2000x2000 pixels, 13.5 microns sq. pixels) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak). The new object was first detected on 2009 Nov. 6.26 (mag 19.3) and 8.26 UT (magnitudes 18.5). The measured position has a stated uncertainty of 0".4. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No object is visible at the position of the nova candidate on a Super-LOTIS image from Nov. 4.26 UT (limiting R magnitude 19.0). Independent discovery by Kamil Hornoch (Ondrejov Observatory) on a co-added 1350-sec R-band CCD frame taken by M. Wolf and Hornoch with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on 2009 Nov. 5.859 UT. Available R-band magnitudes measured by Hornoch for M31N 2009-11c: 2009 Oct. 31.132, [21.4 (from a co-added 450-sec R-band CCD frame taken during software tests by P. Kubanek, J. Gorrosabel, and M. Jelinek with the 1.23-m telescope at Calar Alto); Nov. 4.963 UT, [20.3 (image by K. Hornoch, 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov); 5.859, 19.9. (2009-11d) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan; and Fujio Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan on seven 40-s unfiltered CCD frames (limiting magnitude 19.8) taken around Nov. 19.488 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector. Nothing is visible at this position on their past frames taken on Nov. 6.526 (limiting mag 19.0) and 17.616 (limiting mag 19.6) or on the Digitized Sky Survey (red and infrared plates; no dates or limiting magnitudes provided). Following receipt of the above report, Wolfgang Pietsch claimed independent discovery of this object by P. Podigachoski, Pietsch, M. Henze, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University; P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, Clemson University, on a stacked R-band CCD image composed of twelve 60-s frames obtained with the robotic 60-cm telescope of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS; located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak). The new object is clearly visible on the individual images; the tabulated position has a stated uncertainty of 0".3. The magnitude given is obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue of Massey et al. (2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No object is visible at the position of the nova candidate on a Super-LOTIS image from Nov. 18.19 UT (limiting R magnitude 19.5). Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, reports measuarements from a co-added 1350-sec R-band CCD frame taken by P. Kusnirak and himself with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on 2009 Nov. 21.799 UT. (2009-11e) Discovered apparently independently at three different locations. Pavel Cagas, Zlin, Czech Republic, reports his discovery of 2009-11e on an unfiltered, co-added 1800-sec CCD image taken with a 0.26-m telescope on Nov. 20.807 UT. Nothing was visible at this position on his reference image from 2006 Sept. 23 (no limiting mag provided). Wolfgang Pietsch, P. Podigachoski, F. Haberl, M. Henze, and V. Burwitz, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik; A. Updike, Clemson University; P. Milne and G. Williams, University of Arizona; and D. H. Hartmann, Clemson University, report the discovery on two sets of twelve 60-sec stacked R-band CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory on Kitt Peak). The new object was first detected on Nov. 20.25 and 21.14 UT with respective magnitudes of 18.7 and 18.5. The positional uncertainty is given as 0".4. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M31 catalogue (Massey et al. 2006, A.J. 131, 2478). No object is visible at the position of the presumed nova on a Super-LOTIS image of from Nov. 19.25 UT (limiting R magnitude 19.0). The object was already detected in UV with the Swift Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope (UVOT) UVW2 (112-264nm) filter in monitoring observations for nova M31N 2009-10b on Nov. 18.67 UT at mag 18.8 (two days before the optical detection). In the Swift UVOT uvw2 observations on Nov. 15.26 and in earlier observations, no object was visible at the position down to a (3-sigma) limiting magnitude of around 20.5. The above magnitudes are on the UVOT photometric system (Poole et al. 2008, MNRAS 383, 627) and have not been corrected for extinction. Kamil Hornoch, Ondrejov Observatory, reports the discovery of 2009-11e by P. Kusnirak and himself on a co-added 540-sec R-band CCD frame taken with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on Nov. 21.816 UT under poor conditions; the new object is visible on single images used for the co-added image, but it is not present on numerous archive images back to 2002 taken at Lelekovice and Ondrejov. Available R-band magnitudes for 2009-11e from Ondrejov images: Nov. 13.034 UT, [20.6 (Hornoch); 21.816, 17.8 (Hornoch and Kusnirak). (2009-12a) Discovered by Koichi Nishiyama (Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan) and Fujio Kabashima Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan) on seven 40-s unfiltered CCD frames taken around Dec. 22.488 UT using a 0.40-m f/9.8 reflector (limiting magnitude 19.7); confirmed on five 40-s unfiltered CCD frames taken on Dec. 23.537 (limiting magnitude 19.4). Nothing is visible at this location on their past frames taken on Dec. 16.486 (limiting mag 19.7) and 21.466 (limiting mag 19.8). T. Yusa, Osaki, Japan, obtained three 120-s unfiltered CCD exposures remotely using a 0.30-m f/11.9 Cassegrain reflector near Mayhill, NM, U.S.A., on Dec. 25.191 (position and magnitude was measured using USNO-B1.0 catalogue reference stars). (2010-01a) Details published on CBETs 2124, 2127, and 2136. "Fe II"-class nova. (2010-01b) Details published on CBET 2135. K. Hornoch also reports tabulated data (above) from a co-added 1800-s R-band CCD frame taken by P. Kusnirak with the 0.65-m telescope at Ondrejov on 2010 Jan. 22.726 UT. (2010-01c) Details published on CBET 2154. (2010-01d) Details published on CBET 2187. (2010-02a) Details published on CBETs 2190, 2192, 2319. (2010-03a) Details published on CBETs 2192, 2212, 2319. (2010-03b) Details published on CBETs 2212, 2319. (2010-04a) Details published on CBETs 2267, 2319. (2010-05a) Details published on CBETs 2305, 2319, 2341, 2391, 2411. The offset tabulated above from Nishiyama and Kabashima is a correction to CBET 2305. (2010-06a) Details published on CBETs 2341, 2391, 2411. (2010-06b) Details published on CBETs 2342, 2391, 2411. (2010-06c) Details published on CBETs 2343, 2391, 2411. (2010-06d) Details published on CBETs 2347, 2391, 2411. (2010-07b) Details published on CBET 2411. (2010-08a*) Details published on CBETs 2412 and 2425; evidently not a nova but a red variable star. (2010-09a) Discovered by K. Itagaki. Details published on CBET 2448. (2010-09b) Details published on CBET 2472. (2010-10a) Details published on CBET 2483. (2010-10b) Details published on CBET 2487. (2010-10c) Details published on CBET 2500. (2010-10d) Details published on CBETs 2516 and 2571. (2010-10e) Details published on CBET 2573. (2010-12a) Details published on CBET 2574. (2010-12b) Details published on CBET 2582. (2010-12c) Within 1" of the position of M31N 2010-01a (cf. CBETs 2124, 2127, 2136, 2187). Details published on CBETs 2594, 2597. (2011-01a) Details published on CBET 2631. "Fe II"-type classical nova. Brightened to mag 15.



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